Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Testing of Interaction-driven Manufacturing Systems



Katherine C. Morris, David W. Flater, Donald E. Libes, Albert W. Jones


As automation of manufacturing processes becomes more widespread, manufacturing systems are becoming more and more software dependent. At the same time, the software used is becoming more and more modularized allowing for the creation of customized systems consisting in large part of pre-existing components. This combination of factors leads to considerable flexibility for manufacturing systems, but not without a cost. The reliability of those systems is uncertain due to the lack of experience in how to test such systems. To address this need the National Institute of Standards and Technology''s Manufacturing Systems Integration Division has undertaken a study of how to test interaction-driven manufacturing systems. This paper contains an analysis of both the problem space and the solution space for testing these systems and is the first outcome of that study.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 6260
Report Number


manufacturing processes, manufacturing systems


Morris, K. , Flater, D. , Libes, D. and Jones, A. (1998), Testing of Interaction-driven Manufacturing Systems, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed May 26, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created December 2, 1998, Updated November 10, 2018