We have developed a single-photon detector based on superconducting amorphous tungstensilicon alloy (a-WxSi1−x) nanowire. Our device made from a uniform a-WxSi1−x nanowire covers a practical detection area (16 υm X 16 υm) and shows high sensitivity featuring a plateau of the internal quantum efficiencies, i.e., efficiencies of generating an electrical pulse per absorbed photon, over a broad wavelength and bias range. This material system for superconducting nanowire detector technology could overcome the limitations of the prevalent nanowire devices based on NbN and lead to more practical, ideal single-photon detectors having high efficiency, low noise, and high count rates.
Citation: Applied Physics Letters
Pub Type: Journals
Superconducting nanowire single photon detector, superconducting single photon detector, single photon detector