In subsurface imaging applications, contrast in EFM depends on the electrostatic force between the tip and sample. In the related technique, scanning Kelvin force microscopy (SKFM) contrast arises from the force due to capacitance gradient with tip-to-sample distance (dC/dz). These measured quantities arise from variations in sample dielectric constant, any charge accumulated on subsurface structures, and subsurface variations in conductivity. Our technique allows us to independently bias the subsurface structures and thereby, separate the effect of buried charge and capacitance gradient.
Meeting Program of the 2018 Materials Research Society Meeting
April 2-6, 2018
2018 Spring Meeting of the Materials Research Society
EFM, electrostatic force microscopy, subsurface imaging