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STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT FOR REMOTE SENSING AT MICROWAVE AND TERAHERTZ FREQUENCIES

Published

Author(s)

James P. Randa, Eyal Gerecht, Dave K. Walker, Amanda Cox, Dazhen Gu, Lixing You, Robert L. Billinger

Abstract

The Noise Project in the Electromagnetics Division of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has proposed the development of standards for microwave brightness temperature, for use in remote-sensing applications such as satellite-based weather observations. The standards would be based on existing fundamental standards for noise in waveguide sysems. The connection to brightness temperature, which is a radiated quantitym would be made by means of a well characterized antenna. A heated calibration target would be used to supplement the basic standard, either as a check or to reduce the unvertainty by a redundant measurement. We have performed preliminary measurements at 26 GHz that demonstate the feasibility of the proposed standard. A parallel effort is in progress for terahertz frequencies. This standard will be used witha terahertz radiometer. The radiometer is based on a reeiver that uses a hot-electron bolometer (HEB) mixer which is coupled to the radiation by a quasi-optical adapter. We expect to perform terahertz noise measurements with the system by the end of the year.
Issue
42
Conference Dates
September 5-7, 2007
Conference Location
Beijing, CH
Conference Title
Digest of 2007 International Conference on Metrology and Measurement

Citation

Randa, J. , Gerecht, E. , Walker, D. , Cox, A. , Gu, D. , You, L. and Billinger, R. (2007), STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT FOR REMOTE SENSING AT MICROWAVE AND TERAHERTZ FREQUENCIES, Digest of 2007 International Conference on Metrology and Measurement, Beijing, CH, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=32731 (Accessed June 19, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created September 7, 2007, Updated January 27, 2020