Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Standards and Guidelines in Forensic Odontology



Karen Reczek


This report provides supplemental information to NISTIR 8352 Bitemark Analysis: A NIST Scientific Foundation Review. Standards and guidelines from the American Dental Association (ADA) and the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) as well as efforts by the Organization of Scientific Area Committee (OSAC) for Forensic Science are described and listed. The standards and guidelines discussed in this document represent a snapshot of current practices for bitemark analysis.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 8352sup2
Report Number


bitemark, forensic science, forensic odontology, standards, guidelines, pattern evidence, dentition, scientific foundation review


Reczek, K. (2022), Standards and Guidelines in Forensic Odontology, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed June 13, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created October 11, 2022, Updated March 28, 2023