Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

A Sensor Ontology Literature Review



Roger D. Eastman, Craig I. Schlenoff, Stephen B. Balakirsky, Tsai H. Hong


The purpose of this paper is to review existing sensor and sensor network ontologies to understand whether they can be reused as a basis for a manufacturing sensor ontology, or if the existing ontologies hold lessons for the development of a new ontology. We develop an initial set of requirements that should apply to a manufacturing ontology. These initial requirements are used in reviewing selected existing sensor ontologies. This paper describes the steps for extending and refining the requirements, proposing a hierarchical structures for verifying the purposes of the ontology, and choosing appropriate tools and languages for supporting the ontology, such as OWL and SensorML, and proposing the ontology as standard within the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society (RAS) Ontologies for Robotics Automation (ORA) Working Group.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7908
Report Number


registration, sensor, ontology, OWL, SensorML, sensor network, manufacturer


Eastman, R. , Schlenoff, C. , Balakirsky, S. and Hong, T. (2013), A Sensor Ontology Literature Review, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 17, 2024)


If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact

Created April 17, 2013, Updated October 12, 2021