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Search Publications by

Denis E. Bergeron (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 62

Toward a New Primary Standardization of Radionuclide Massic Activity Using Microcalorimetry and Quantitative Milligram-Scale Samples

February 24, 2022
Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Bradley Alpert, Dan Becker, Denis E. Bergeron, Richard Essex, Kelsey Morgan, Svetlana Nour, Galen O'Neil, Dan Schmidt, Gordon A. Shaw, Daniel Swetz, R. Michael Verkouteren, Daikang Yan
We present a new paradigm for the primary standardization of radionuclide activity per mass of solution (Bq/g). Two key enabling capabilities are 4π decay-energy spectrometry using chip-scale sub-Kelvin microcalorimeters and direct realization of mass by

Joint Determination of Reactor Antineutrino Spectra from 235U and 239Pu Fission using the Daya Bay and PROSPECT Experiments

February 22, 2022
Hans Pieter Mumm, Denis E. Bergeron, Mark Tyra, Svetlana Nour, Jerome LaRosa, The PROSPECT Collaboration
A joint determination of the reactor antineutrino spectra resulting from the fission of 235U and 239Pu has been carried out by the Daya Bay and PROSPECT collaborations. This letter defines the level of compatibility of 235U spectrum measurements from the

Joint Measurement of the 235U Antineutrino Spectrum with PROSPECT and STEREO

February 22, 2022
Hans Pieter Mumm, Denis E. Bergeron, Mark Tyra, Jerome LaRosa, Svetlana Nour, PROSPECT collaboration, STEREO collaboration
The PROSPECT and STEREO collaborations present a combined measurement of the pure 235U antineutrino spectrum, with site specific corrections and effects dependent on the separate detectors removed. The spectral measurements of the two highest-precision

BIPM comparison BIPM.RI(II)-K1.Gd-153 of activity measurements of the radionuclide 153Gd to include the 2020 result of the NIST (United States)

November 25, 2021
Denis E. Bergeron, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Lizbeth Laureano-Perez, Leticia Pibida, Carine Michotte, S Courte, M Nonis, R Coulon, S Judge
Since 1988, 3 laboratories have submitted 5 samples of 153Gd to the International Reference System (SIR) for activity comparison at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM), with comparison identifier BIPM.RI(II)- K1.Gd-153. Recently, the NIST


November 9, 2021
Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Zeeshan Ahmed, Denis E. Bergeron, Nikolai Klimov, Dan Schmidt, Ronald Tosh
With the recent redefinition of the SI base units in terms of constants of nature, the race is on to maximize achievable precision by developing primary standards based on quantum metrology, thereby to realize the Quantum SI. For the becquerel (Bq) and

Limits on Strongly Interacting Sub-GeV Dark Matter from the PROSPECT Reactor Antineutrino Experiment

July 16, 2021
Hans Pieter Mumm, Denis E. Bergeron, Mark Tyra, Jerome LaRosa, Svetlana Nour, M Andriamirado, A.B. Balantekin, H.R. Band, C.D. Bass, D. Berish, N.S. Bowden, J.P. Brodsky, C.D. Bryan, T. Classen, A.J. Conant, G. Deichert, M.V. Diwan, M.J. Dolinski, A. Erickson, B.T. Foust, J.K. Gaison, A. Galindo-Uribarri, C.E. Gilbert, B.W. Goddard, B.T. Hackett, S. Hans, A.B. Hansell, K.M. Heeger, D.E. Jaffe, X. Ji, D.C. Jones, O. Kyzylova, C.E. Lane, T.J. Langford, B.R. Littlejohn, X. Lu, J. Maricic, M.P. Mendenhall, A.M. Meyer, R. Milincic, I. Mitchell, P.E. Mueller, J. Napolitano, C. Nave, R. Neilson, J.A. Nikkel, D. Norcini, J.L. Palomino, D.A. Pushin, X. Qian, E. Romero-Romero, R. Rosero, P.T. Surukuchi, R.L. Varner, D. Venegas-Vargas, P.B. Weatherly, C. White, J. Wilhelmi, A. Woolverton, M. Yeh, A. Zhang, C. Zhang, X. Zhang
If dark matter has mass lower than around 1 GeV, it will not impart enough energy to cause detectable nuclear recoils in many direct-detection experiments. However, if dark matter is upscattered to high energy by collisions with cosmic rays, it may be

Ra-224 activity, half-life, and 241 keV gamma ray absolute emission intensity: a NIST-NPL bilateral comparison

December 31, 2020
Denis E. Bergeron, Sean Collins, Leticia Pibida, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Brian E. Zimmerman, Peter Ivanov, John Keightley, Elisa Napoli
The national metrology institutes for the United Kingdom and the United States have compared activity standards for 224Ra, an -particle emitter of interest as the basis for therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals. Solutions of 224RaCl2 were assayed by absolute

The Next Generation of Current Measurement for Ionization Chambers

September 1, 2020
Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Denis E. Bergeron, Dean G. Jarrett, Neil M. Zimmerman, Carine Michotte, Hansjoerg Scherer, Stephen Giblin, Steven Judge
Re-entrant ionization chambers (ICs) are essential to radionuclide metrology and nuclear medicine for maintaining standards and measuring half-lives. Metrology-quality systems must be precise and stable to 0.1% over many years, and linear from 10^(-14) A

Ohms Law Low-current Calibration System for Ionization Chambers

August 24, 2020
Dean G. Jarrett, Shamith U. Payagala, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Denis E. Bergeron, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Charles J. Waduwarage Perera, Neil M. Zimmerman
A system for the calibration of electrometers that measure currents from ionization chambers is described. The calibration system uses a 1 GΩ standard resistor in series with a stable voltage source to generate calibration currents from 1 pA to 20 nA

Non-fuel Antineutrino Contributions in the High Flux Isotope Reactor

May 14, 2020
PROSPECT COLLABORATION, Jerome LaRosa, Hans Pieter Mumm, Svetlana Nour, Mark Tyra, Denis E. Bergeron
Reactor neutrino experiments have seen major improvements in precision in recent years. With the experimental uncertainties starting to surpass those from theory, it is important to carefully consider all sources of e in making theoretical predictions. One

228Th breakthrough in 224Ra samples: what can we know and when can we know it?

April 6, 2020
Denis E. Bergeron, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Leticia S. Pibida
Recent renewed interest in radium-224 (224Ra) as a radiotherapeutic agent prompted the development of a primary standard for activity at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The 224Ra decay chain includes the emission four alpha

Optimum lithium loading of a liquid scintillator for neutron and neutrino detection

February 11, 2020
Hans Pieter Mumm, Denis E. Bergeron, Mark Tyra, Jerome LaRosa, Svetlana Nour, T.J. Langford, Dimitry A. Pushin
Neutral particle detection in high-background environments is greatly aided by the ability to easily load 6Li into liquid scintillators. We describe a readily available and inexpensive liquid scintillation cocktail stably loaded with up to 1 % Li by mass

Primary standardization of Ra-224 activity by liquid scintillation counting

October 11, 2019
Denis E. Bergeron, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Brian E. Zimmerman, Lizbeth Laureano-Perez, Ronald Colle, Leticia S. Pibida, Elisa Napoli
A standard for 224Ra activity has been developed, based on triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) liquid scintillation (LS) counting. The standard was confirmed by efficiency tracing and 4παβ(LS)-γ(NaI(Tl)) anticoincidence counting, as well as by 4πγ

Standardization of I-124 by three liquid scintillation-based methods

August 9, 2019
Denis E. Bergeron, Leticia S. Pibida, Brian E. Zimmerman, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Ryan P. Fitzgerald
A solution of 124I was standardized for activity by 4πβ(LS)-γ(NaI) live-timed anticoincidence (LTAC) counting, with confirmatory measurements by triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) and CIEMAT-NIST efficiency tracing (CNET) liquid scintillation

Measurement of the Antineutrino Spectrum from 235U Fission at HFIR with PROSPECT

June 28, 2019
Hans Pieter Mumm, Denis E. Bergeron, Mark Tyra, Svetlana Nour, Jerome LaRosa
This Letter reports the first measurement of the 235U e energy spectrum by PROSPECT, the Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum experiment, operating 7.9 m from the 85MWth highly-enriched uranium (HEU) High Flux Isotope Reactor. With a surface-based

The PROSPECT Reactor Neutrino Experiment

April 1, 2019
Hans Pieter Mumm, Denis E. Bergeron, Mark Tyra, Jerome LaRosa, Svetlana Nour
The Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment, PROSPECT, is designed to make both a precise measurement of the antineutrino spectrum from a highly-enriched uranium reactor and to probe eV-scale sterile neutrinos by searching for neutrino

Lithium-loaded Liquid Scintillator Production for the PROSPECT experiment

March 26, 2019
Hans Pieter Mumm, Denis E. Bergeron, Mark Tyra, Svetlana Nour, Jerome LaRosa
This work reports the production and characterization of lithium-loaded liquid scintillators (LiLS) for the Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment (PROSPECT). Fifty-nine 90 L batches of LiLS (6Li mass fraction 0.082%0.001%) were produced and

Observation of antineutrinos from 235U fission by the PROSPECT experiment at HFIR

December 19, 2018
Mark A. Tyra, Denis E. Bergeron, Jerome J. LaRosa, Hans P. Mumm, Svetlana Nour
This letter reports the first observation of antineutrinos from the fission products of highly enriched 235U at the High Flux Isotope Reactor. PROSPECT, the Precision Reactor Oscillation and Spectrum Experiment, consists of a segmented 4 ton 6Li-doped