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Publications

Search Publications by

Alexander Maranghides (Fed)

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 49

Structure Separation Experiments Phase 1 Preliminary Test Plan

May 26, 2021
Author(s)
Alexander Maranghides, Shonali Nazare, Eric Link, Kuldeep Prasad, Matthew Hoehler, Matthew Bundy, Steven Hawks, Frank Bigelow, William (Ruddy) Mell, Anthony Bova, Derek McNamara, Tom Milac, Daniel Gorham, Faraz Hedayati, Bob Raymer, Frank Frievalt, William Walton
The primary objective of this project is to assess structure-to-structure fire spread for structures located in the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI). Full-scale fire experiments will be conducted in which various types of structures (sources of fire) will be

A Case Study of the Camp Fire - Fire Progression Timeline

February 8, 2021
Author(s)
Alexander Maranghides, Eric D. Link, Christopher U. Brown, William Mell, Steven Hawks, Mike Wilson, Will Brewer, Robert Vihnanek, William D. Walton
The Camp Fire ignited on November 8, 2018 in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada in Butte County, California. The first 24 hours were characterized by a fast-moving fire with initial spread driven by high winds up to 22 m/s (50 mi/h) and long-range spotting

Preliminary Data Collected from the Camp Fire Reconnaissance

December 15, 2020
Author(s)
Alexander Maranghides, William Mell, Steven Hawks, Mike Wilson, Will Brewer, Eric D. Link, Christopher U. Brown, Cartier P. Murrill, Erin Ashley
The Camp Fire started in the vicinity of Pulga Rd and Camp Creek Road, in Butte County on November 8 at 6:29 am. The cause of ignition is under investigation. The incident was classified as a vegetation fire. The Unified Command Agencies responsible for

Camp Fire Preliminary Reconnaissance

August 27, 2020
Author(s)
Alexander Maranghides, William Mell, Steven Hawks, Eric D. Link, Christopher U. Brown, Cartier P. Murrill, Erin Ashley
The Camp Fire started in the early morning of November 8, 2018 in vegetative fuels to the northeast of Concow, California. Concow is an unincorporated community and census-designated place of primarily residential with a population of 762 in the Sierra

Effects of Wind Speed and Angle on Fire Spread along Privacy Fences

July 25, 2016
Author(s)
Erik L. Johnsson, Alexander Maranghides
A series of experiments was conducted to examine fire spread along fences subjected to wind at various speeds and angles. Specifically, sections of western redcedar, California redwood, or vinyl privacy fences were ignited with a burner. Wind fields of 9 m

A Case Study of a Community Affected by the Waldo Fire Event Timeline and Defensive Actions

November 9, 2015
Author(s)
Alexander Maranghides, Derek McNamara, Robert Vihnanek, Joseph Restaino, Carrie Leland
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has a suite of research projects addressing risk reduction in Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) communities. This case study is focused on the Mountain Shadows Community (MSC) in Colorado Springs

Ignition of Wood Fencing Assemblies Exposed to Continuous-Wind Driven Firebrand Showers

July 30, 2015
Author(s)
Sayaka Suzuki, Erik L. Johnsson, Alexander Maranghides, Samuel Manzello
A series of experiments were conducted to examine ignition of wood fencing assemblies subjected to continuous, wind-driven firebrand showers. Specifically, Western Red Cedar and Redwood fencing assemblies were exposed to continuous, wind-driven firebrand

Reducing the Risk of Fire in Buildings and Communities

January 1, 2014
Author(s)
Anthony Hamins, Jason D. Averill, Nelson P. Bryner, David Butry, Richard Gann, Rick D. Davis, Daniel M. Madrzykowski, Alexander Maranghides, Jiann C. Yang, Matthew Bundy, Samuel Manzello, Jeffrey W. Gilman, Francine K. Amon, William E. Mell
Fire costs and losses are a significant life safety and economic burden on society comprising about two percent of the United States gross domestic product. This paper presents the results of a roadmap developed by the National Institute of Standards and

A Case Study of a Community Affected by the Witch and Guejito Fires: Report #2 – Evaluating the Effects of Hazard Mitigation Actions on Structure Ignitions

June 5, 2013
Author(s)
Alexander Maranghides, Derek McNamara, William Mell, Jason Trook, Blaza Toman
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has a suite of research projects addressing risk reduction in Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) communities. The NIST WUI Team was invited by CAL FIRE to collect post incident data from the California

Strategic Roadmap for Fire Risk Reduction in Buildings and Communities

April 18, 2012
Author(s)
Anthony P. Hamins, Jason D. Averill, Richard G. Gann, Nelson P. Bryner, Rick D. Davis, David T. Butry, Alexander Maranghides, Jiann C. Yang, Daniel M. Madrzykowski, Matthew F. Bundy, Samuel L. Manzello, Jeffrey W. Gilman, Francine K. Amon, William E. Mell
The burden of fire on the U.S. economy continues to be large, comprising approximately $280 billion annually, or 2 percent of GDP. Over the last 30 years, civilian fire deaths and injuries have decreased due to the efforts of many people and organizations

Initial Reconnaissance of the 2011 Wildland-Urban Interfaces Fires in Amarillo, Texas

July 28, 2011
Author(s)
Alexander Maranghides, William Mell, Karen Ridenour, Derek McNamara
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is working to reduce the risk of fire spread in Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) communities. An objective of this work is to develop first generation tools for improved risk assessment and risk

The wildland-urban interface fire problem - Current approaches and Research Needs

March 1, 2010
Author(s)
William E. Mell, Samuel L. Manzello, Alexander Maranghides, David T. Butry, Ronald G. Rehm
Wildfires that spread into wildland-urban interface (WUI) communities present significant challenges on a number of fronts. In the United States the WUI accounts for a significant portion of wildland fire suppression and wildland fuel treatment costs

On the Development and Characterization of a Firebrand Generator

May 1, 2008
Author(s)
Samuel L. Manzello, John R. Shields, Thomas G. Cleary, Alexander Maranghides, William E. Mell, Yoshihiko Hayashi, Daisaku Nii, Tsuyoshi Kurita
An experimental apparatus has been constructed in order to generate a controlled and repeatable size and mass distribution of glowing firebrands. The present study reports on a series of experiments conducted in order to characterize the performance of

On the Development and Characterization of a Firebrand Generator

May 1, 2008
Author(s)
Samuel L. Manzello, John R. Shields, Thomas G. Cleary, Alexander Maranghides, William E. Mell, Jiann C. Yang, Yoshihiko Hayashi, Daisaku Nii, Tsuyoshi Kurita
A unique experimental apparatus has been constructed in order to generate a controlled and repeatable size and mass distribution of glowing firebrands. The present study reports on a series of experiments conducted in order to characterize the performance

Energy Balance in a Large Compartment Fire

April 1, 2008
Author(s)
Anthony P. Hamins, Erik L. Johnsson, Alexander Maranghides
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) are collaborating to assess and validate fire computer codes for nuclear power plant applications. This evaluation is being conducted through a series of

Experimental Investigation of Firebrands: Generation and Ignition of Fuel Beds

April 1, 2008
Author(s)
Samuel L. Manzello, Thomas G. Cleary, John R. Shields, Alexander Maranghides, William E. Mell, Jiann C. Yang
A series of real scale fire experiments were performed to determine the size and mass distribution of firebrands generated from Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) trees. The results of the real scale fire experiments were used to determine firebrand sizes

Analysis of Inter-laboratory Testing of Non-loadbearing Gypsum/Steel-Stud Wall Assemblies

December 1, 2007
Author(s)
William L. Grosshandler, Samuel L. Manzello, Alexander Maranghides, T Mizukami
This report summarizes the results of a test program conducted in 2006 and 2007 by the North American Fire Testing Laboratories (NAFTL) consortium. Gypsum/steel-stud wall assemblies, nominally rated at 1-h, were tested by six different organizations in

Firebrand Generation From Burning Vegetation

February 20, 2007
Author(s)
Samuel L. Manzello, Alexander Maranghides, William E. Mell
A series of real scale fire experiments were performed to determine the size and mass distribution of firebrands generated from Douglas-Fir (pseudotsuga menziesii) trees. The experiments were performed in the Large Scale Fire Laboratory (LFL) at NIST. The

Firebrand Production From Burning Vegetation

November 30, 2006
Author(s)
Samuel L. Manzello, Alexander Maranghides, William E. Mell, Thomas G. Cleary, Jiann C. Yang
A series of real scale fire experiments were performed to determine the size and mass distribution of firebrands generated from Douglas-Fir (pseudotsuga menziesii) trees. The results of the real scale fire experiments were used to determine firebrand sizes