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Search Publications by Leticia Pibida

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 74

Recalibration Intervals for Radiation Detection Instruments

April 2, 2021
Leticia Pibida, Ben Estes, Manuel Mejias, Gladys Klemic
In this work we provide a summary of the National Conference of Standards Laboratories (NCSL) Recommended Practice RP-1 calibration interval analysis method, and examples of the method applied to three sets of available NIST data (two models of radiation

Ra-224 activity, half-life, and 241 keV gamma ray absolute emission intensity: a NIST-NPL bilateral comparison

December 31, 2020
Denis E. Bergeron, Sean Collins, Leticia Pibida, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Brian E. Zimmerman, Peter Ivanov, John Keightley, Elisa Napoli
The national metrology institutes for the United Kingdom and the United States have compared activity standards for 224Ra, an -particle emitter of interest as the basis for therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals. Solutions of 224RaCl2 were assayed by absolute

False Alarm Testing for Radiation Detection Systems

October 2, 2020
Dennis D. Leber, Leticia S. Pibida
An operator of a radiation detection system that displays a high rate of false alarms may be- come desensitized to these alarms. This action is known as alarm fatigue and can have detri- mental results as the operator may cease to respond to what may be

Comparing Instruments

September 30, 2020
James H. Yen, Dennis D. Leber, Leticia S. Pibida
This document details methods to compare instrument performance. Comparison methods for instruments outputting binary (0-1) responses as well as for instruments outputting continuous numeric responses are shown, first for two instruments and then for

228Th breakthrough in 224Ra samples: what can we know and when can we know it?

April 6, 2020
Denis E. Bergeron, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Leticia S. Pibida
Recent renewed interest in radium-224 (224Ra) as a radiotherapeutic agent prompted the development of a primary standard for activity at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). The 224Ra decay chain includes the emission four alpha

Guidebook for Standards-Based Testing of Radiation-Detection Systems

November 12, 2019
Leticia S. Pibida, Chritina Forrested, Peter Chiaro, Don Potter
This guide describes the test setups and processes needed to perform standards-based testing of radiological and nuclear detection systems. This guide is intended to reduce the potential for misinterpretation of performance requirements, test methods, and

Primary standardization of Ra-224 activity by liquid scintillation counting

October 11, 2019
Denis E. Bergeron, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Brian E. Zimmerman, Lizbeth Laureano-Perez, Ronald Colle, Leticia S. Pibida, Elisa Napoli
A standard for 224Ra activity has been developed, based on triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) liquid scintillation (LS) counting. The standard was confirmed by efficiency tracing and 4παβ(LS)-γ(NaI(Tl)) anticoincidence counting, as well as by 4πγ

Preparation and calibration of a Protactinium-231 reference material

August 22, 2019
Richard M. Essex, Ross W. Williams, Kerri C. Treinen, Ronald Colle, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Raphael Galea, John Keightley, Jerome J. LaRosa, Lizbeth Laureano-Perez, Svetlana Nour, Leticia S. Pibida
A 231Pa reference material has been characterized for amount of Pa. This reference material is primarily intended for calibration of 233Pa tracers produced for 231Pa - 235U model age measurements associated with nuclear forensics and nuclear safeguards

Standardization of I-124 by three liquid scintillation-based methods

August 9, 2019
Denis E. Bergeron, Leticia S. Pibida, Brian E. Zimmerman, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Ryan P. Fitzgerald
A solution of 124I was standardized for activity by 4πβ(LS)-γ(NaI) live-timed anticoincidence (LTAC) counting, with confirmatory measurements by triple-to-double coincidence ratio (TDCR) and CIEMAT-NIST efficiency tracing (CNET) liquid scintillation

Confirming a Performance Threshold with a Binary Experimental Response

July 15, 2019
Dennis D. Leber, Leticia S. Pibida, Alexander L. Enders
Often, experimenters wish to confirm that a test artifact meets some predefined, fixed performance criterion or claim. For example: does the newly formulated pharmaceutical reduce the disease rate by 10 %; will the composite overwrapped pressure vessel


August 23, 2018
Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Leticia S. Pibida
Protactinium-233 (233Pa) is used as a tracer for radiochemical analysis and is of particular interest as an isotope dilution mass spectrometry (IDMS) spike for 231Pa/235U radio- chronometry. To this end, we present massic activity determinations by two

Measurements of scatter peaks in 137Cs and 60Co sources

June 28, 2018
Leticia S. Pibida
The results of the testing of radiation detection instruments with radionuclide identification capabilities will depended on the sources used for the tests. High resolution spectra need to be acquired to determine all the observable peaks in the source

Standardization of 64Cu activity

May 25, 2018
Denis E. Bergeron, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Leticia S. Pibida, Brian E. Zimmerman
The complex decay scheme that makes 64Cu promising as both an imaging and therapeutic agent in medicine also makes the absolute measurement of its activity challenging. The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has completed a primary

Activity measurements of the radionuclides 18F and 64Cu for the NIST, USA in the ongoing comparisons BIPM.RI(II)-K4.F-18 and BIPM.RI(II)-K4.Cu-64

January 1, 2018
Denis E. Bergeron, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Leticia S. Pibida, Brian E. Zimmerman, Carine Michotte, Manuel Nonis, Andrew Fenwick, Kelly Ferreira, John Keightley
In 2016, comparisons of activity measurements of 18F and 64Cu using the Transfer Instrument of the International Reference System (SIRTI) took place at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, USA). This is the first SIRTI comparison for

Natural Uranium Radioactivity Solution Standard: SRM 4321d

December 27, 2017
Ronald Colle, Lizbeth Laureano-Perez, Svetlana Nour, Jerome J. LaRosa, Brian E. Zimmerman, Leticia S. Pibida, Denis E. Bergeron
A new natural uranium solution standard has been produced and will be disseminated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) as Standard Reference Material 4321d. The standard is certified for the massic activities of 234U, 235U, and

Evidence against solar influence on nuclear decay constants

August 24, 2016
Denis E. Bergeron, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Leticia S. Pibida, Stefaan Pomme
The exponential decay of radionuclides as a function of time is a cornerstone of nuclear physics and radionuclide metrology. Decay constants for spontaneous radioactive decay are considered invariable in time and space. This convenient trait allows

Revision of the NIST Standard for 223Ra: New Measurements and Review of 2008 Data

July 1, 2015
Denis E. Bergeron, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Leticia S. Pibida
After discovering a discrepancy in the transfer standard currently being disseminated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), we have performed a new primary standardization of the alpha-emitter 223Ra using Live-timed Anticoincidence

Determination of photon emission probabilities for the main gamma-rays of 223Ra in equilibrium with its progeny

March 11, 2015
Leticia S. Pibida, Brian E. Zimmerman, Ryan P. Fitzgerald, Lynne E. King, Jeffrey T. Cessna, Denis E. Bergeron
The currently published 223Ra gamma-ray emission probabilities display a wide variation in the values depending on the source of the data. The National Institute of Standards and Technology performed activity measurements on a 223Ra solution that was used

Scaling of Testing Speed for Different Source-to-Detector Distances

February 13, 2015
Bruce R. Norman, Anne L. Sallaska, Leticia S. Pibida
Several American National Standard Institute/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (ANSI/IEEE) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standards were developed for radiation detection systems used for homeland security applications