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Publications

Search Publications by

John D. Wright (Fed)

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Displaying 26 - 50 of 65

Liquid Flow Meter Calibrations with the 0.1 L/s and 2.5 L/s Piston Provers

January 15, 2014
Author(s)
Jodie G. Pope, John D. Wright, Aaron N. Johnson, Christopher J. Crowley
This document provides a description of the 2.5 L/s and 0.1 L/s liquid flow calibration standards operated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Fluid Metrology Group to provide flow meter calibrations for customers. The 0.1 L/s and

Improved Nozzle Manifold for Gas Flow Calibrations

June 20, 2012
Author(s)
Aaron N. Johnson, Chunhui Li, John D. Wright, Gina M. Kline, Christopher J. Crowley
We developed a new nozzle manifold that reduced the uncertainty of flow calibrations from 0.09 % to as low as 0.074 % for flows of air up to 0.84 kg/s (43 000 L/min at reference conditions of 101.325 kPa and 293.15 K). The nozzle manifold also reduces the

Tests of the Extended Lee Model Using Three Different Turbine Meters

June 20, 2012
Author(s)
Jodie G. Pope, John D. Wright, Sherry D. Sheckels
We report additional tests of our “extended Lee model” for calibrating turbine meters. The model accounts for 1) Reynolds number (Re) dependent drag and lift, 2) bearing static drag and 3) bearing viscous drag. Initially, we tested this model using a dual

Calibration of Laminar Flow Meters for Process Gases

June 1, 2012
Author(s)
John D. Wright, Thiago Cobu, Robert F. Berg, Michael R. Moldover
We calibrated three models of commercially-manufactured, laminar flow meters (LFMs) at four pressures (100 kPa, 200 kPa, 300 kPa, and 400 kPa) with five gases (N2, Ar, He, CO2, and SF6) over a 10:1 flow range using NIST’s primary flow standards as

Extended Lee model for the turbine meter & calibrations with surrogate fluids

May 1, 2012
Author(s)
Jodie G. Pope, John D. Wright, Aaron N. Johnson, Michael R. Moldover
We developed a physical model termed the “extended Lee model” for calibrating turbine meters to account for 1) fluid drag on the rotor, 2) bearing static drag and 3) bearing viscous drag. We tested the extended Lee model using a dual rotor, 2.5 cm diameter

Accurate Measurements of Process Gas Flow with Laminar Flow Meters

October 15, 2010
Author(s)
Thiago Cobu, Robert F. Berg, John D. Wright, Michael R. Moldover
We calibrated three models of commercially-manufactured, laminar flow meters (LFMs) with nitrogen at four pressures (100 kPa, 200 kPa, 300 kPa, and 400 kPa) over a 10:1 flow range using NIST’s primary flow standards and a physical model. Without additional

Properties for Accurate Gas Flow Measurements

October 15, 2010
Author(s)
John D. Wright
Accurate gas properties are needed to take full advantage of the low uncertainties provided by NIST’s Gas Flow Calibration Services. If a flowmeter user and NIST use different values for these properties (molecular mass, compressibility, density, viscosity

NIST Calibration Services for Hydrometers.

April 19, 2010
Author(s)
John D. Wright, Vern E. Bean
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) provides calibration services for hydrometers used to measure liquid density. Hydrometers with scales for density, specific gravity, proof spirit for alcohol solutions, API degrees for petroleum

Performance of Critical Flow Venturis under Transient Conditions

April 13, 2010
Author(s)
John D. Wright
Critical flow venturis (CFVs) can be used to measure flow under transient pressure and flow conditions with uncertainties of 0.13 % or less (95 % confidence level). Blow-down tests transferred 630 g of nitrogen during a 100 s interval from an unregulated

Gas Flowmeter Calibrations With the 26 m 3 PVTt Standard

November 25, 2009
Author(s)
Aaron N. Johnson, John D. Wright
This document describes NIST s 26 m3 pressure, volume, temperature, and time (PVTt) primary flow standard. This standard is used to calibrate gas flow meters over a range extending from 200 standard L/min to 77,000 standard L/min where the reference

Hydrocarbon Liquid Flow Calibration Service

November 25, 2009
Author(s)
Tsyh Tyan Yeh, Jesus J. Aguilera, John D. Wright
This document provides a description of the NIST s new hydrocarbon liquid flow calibration system (HLFS) operated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Fluid Flow Group. The calibrator is used to provide hydrocarbon liquid flowmeter

NIST Calibration Services for Liquid Volume

November 24, 2009
Author(s)
Vern E. Bean, Pedro I. Espina, John D. Wright, J F. Houser, Sherry D. Sheckels, Aaron N. Johnson
NIST provides calibration services for metal volume provers for liquid volumes from 4 L to 7600 L using gravimetric and volumetric methods. This document describes the procedures and methods of calculation used in the calibration service. The covered

Gas Flowmeter Calibrations With the Working Gas Flow Standard

November 23, 2009
Author(s)
John D. Wright, Jean-Phillipe Kayl, Aaron N. Johnson, Gina M. Kline
The Working Gas Flow Standard (WGFS) uses critical venturis, critical nozzles, or laminar flowmeters as working standards to calibrate customer flowmeters. The working standards are periodically calibrated with primary standards: the 34 L, 677 L, or 26 m3

High Definition Flow

August 1, 2009
Author(s)
John D. Wright, Michael R. Moldover
From pharmaceutical production to the natural gas market, exact flow measurements are critical. Here's how NIST helps keep us all on the same page.

Comparisons by PTB, NIST, and LNE-LADG in Air and Natural Gas With Critical Venturi Nozzles Agree Within 0.05 %

May 16, 2006
Author(s)
B Mickan, Roland H. Kraemer, D Dopheide, Hans-Jurgen Hotze, Heino-Michael Hinze, Aaron Johnson, John D. Wright, J-P Vallet
The PTB, NIST, and LNE-LADG conducted a comparison of gas flow measurement standards in air and natural gas in the pressure range from 0.9 to 42 bar. The artifacts used in the intercomparisons were four critical venturis with ISO standard toroidal shape

Diverter Uncertainty Less Than 0.01 percent for Water Flow Calibrations

May 16, 2006
Author(s)
Iryna V. Marfenko, Tsyh Tyan Yeh, John D. Wright
Measurement uncertainties introduced by liquid flow diverters are often one of the major contributors to the total uncertainty of static gravimetric liquid flow calibration facilities. This paper describes the primary water flow standard at NIST and tests

Inside Diameter Measurements for the Cylinder of a 20 L Piston Prover

March 23, 2006
Author(s)
Jesus J. Aguilera, Tsyh Tyan Yeh, John D. Wright
We made inside diameter measurements of a stainless steel cylinder used in a piston prover for hydrocarbon liquid flow measurements. We used a 3-point micrometer and two traceable setting rings to measure diameter at 12 radial positions at each of 21

Relaxation Effects in Small Critical Nozzles

January 1, 2006
Author(s)
Aaron N. Johnson, C L. Merkle, Michael R. Moldover, John D. Wright
We computed the flow of four gases (He, N2, CO2, and SF6) through a critical nozzle by augmenting traditional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) with a rate equation that accounts for τrelax, a species-dependent relaxation time that characterizes the

Gas Flowmeter Calibrations with the 34 L and 677 L PVTt Standards

June 23, 2004
Author(s)
John D. Wright, Aaron N. Johnson, Michael R. Moldover, Gina M. Kline
This document provides a description of the 34 L and 677 L pressure, volume, temperature, and time (PVTt) primary gas flow standards operated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Fluid Flow Group. These facilities are used to

Volumetric Gas Flow Standard with Uncertainty of 0.02% to 0.05%

November 1, 2003
Author(s)
John D. Wright, Michael R. Moldover, Aaron N. Johnson, A Mizuno
A new pressure, volume, temperature, and time (PVTt) primary gas flow standard for calibrating flowmeters has an expanded uncertainty (k = 2) of between 0.02% and 0.05%. The standard diverts a steady flow into a collection tank of known volume during a