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Hydrogen Field Test Standard: Laboratory and Field Performance

Published

Author(s)

Jodie G. Pope, John D. Wright

Abstract

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) developed a prototype field test standard (FTS) that incorporates three test methods that could be used by state weights and measures inspectors to periodically test retail hydrogen dispensers, much as gasoline dispensers are tested today. The three field test methods are: 1) gravimetric, 2) Pressure, Volume, Temperature (PVT), and 3) master meter. The FTS was tested in NIST’s Transient Flow Facility with helium gas and in the field at a hydrogen dispenser location. All three methods agree within 0.57 % and 1.53 % for all test drafts of helium gas in the laboratory setting and of hydrogen gas in the field, respectively. The time required to perform six test drafts is similar for all three methods, ranging from 6 h for the gravimetric and master meter methods to 8 h for the PVT method. The laboratory tests show that 1) it is critical to wait for thermal equilibrium to achieve density measurements in the FTS that meet the desired uncertainty requirements for the PVT and master meter methods; in general, we found a wait time of 20 minutes introduces errors
Citation
Flow Measurement and Instrumentation
Volume
46

Keywords

Hydrogen gas, gaseous refueling, field test

Citation

Pope, J. and Wright, J. (2015), Hydrogen Field Test Standard: Laboratory and Field Performance, Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, [online], https://doi.org/10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2015.10.010 (Accessed July 6, 2022)
Created November 10, 2015, Updated November 10, 2018