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NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 54744

D-to-A_eff converter

August 1, 2022
Author(s)
Patrick Egan, Eric S. Stanfield, John R. Stoup
Recent developments in diameter metrology at NIST have enabled the dimensional characterization of piston-cylinder assemblies (PCA) with unprecedented precision. For the newest generation of PCA, standard uncertainty on measurement of outer diameter is 12

Levels and profiles of perfluorinated alkyl acids in liver tissues of birds with different habitat types and trophic levels from an urbanized coastal region of South Korea

August 1, 2022
Author(s)
Sang Hee Hong, Jessica L. Reiner, Mi Jang, Stacy Schuur, Gi Myung Han, John Kucklick, Won Joon Shim
Contamination status and characteristics of perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) including perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and perfluorinated sulfonic acids (PFSAs) was examined using liver tissue of birds - blacktailed gulls (Larus crassirostris)

Shrinks When It's Colder

August 1, 2022
Author(s)
Patrick Egan
Thermal expansion can be a leading cause of uncertainty in length metrology. A cell-based refractometer has been designed at NIST which targets 10^-6} relative uncertainty in the measurement of helium refractivity; in terms of refractive index at ambient

Certification of Standard Reference Material(R) 1568c Rice Flour

July 29, 2022
Author(s)
Chuck Barber, Colleen E. Bryan Sallee, Monique Johnson, Shaun Kotoski, Rick L. Paul, Nicholas Sharp, Maria Isabel Vega Martinez, James H. Yen, Lee L. Yu, Laura Wood, John Sieber, Stephen Long
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recently released SRM 1568c Rice Flour which has value assignments for over 30 analytes, including arsenic species. This material is intended to be used for the evaluation of methods for the

Fracture Toughness Tests at 77 K and 4 K on 316L Stainless Steel Welded Plates

July 29, 2022
Author(s)
Jake Benzing, Nicholas Derimow, Enrico Lucon, Dash Weeks
In the framework of a collaborative project between ASME, NASA, and NIST, quasi-static fracture toughness tests have been performed at liquid nitrogen temperature (77 K, or -196 °C) and liquid helium temperature (4 K, or -269 °C) on weld specimens

How to Report and Benchmark Emerging Field-Effect Transistors

July 29, 2022
Author(s)
Zhihui Cheng, Chin-Sheng Pan, Peiqi Wang, Yanqing Wu, Davood Shahrjerdi, Iuliana Radu, Max Lemme, Lian-Mao Peng, Xiangfeng Duan, Zhihong Chen, Joerg Appenzeller, Steven Koester, Eric Pop, Aaron Franklin, Curt A. Richter
Emerging low-dimensional nanomaterials have been studied for decades in device applications as field-effect transistors (FETs). However, properly reporting and comparing device performance has been challenging due to the involvement and interlinking of

Unique collaboration produces LM-92 UV LED testing standard

July 27, 2022
Author(s)
C Cameron Miller, Jeff Hulett, Troy Cowan
JEFF HULETT, CAMERON MILLER, and TROY COWAN detail the importance of cross-organization participation in UV standards development and how those joint efforts will further market penetration and performance of GUV devices.

Determination of Domain Wall Velocity and Nucleation Time by Switching Dynamics Studies of Ferroelectric Hafnium Zirconium Oxide

July 22, 2022
Author(s)
Xiao Lyu, Pragya Shrestha, Mengwei Si, Panni Wang, Junkang Li, Kin (Charles) Cheung, Yu Shimeng, Peide Ye
In this work, we present the first experimental determination of nucleation time and domain wall (DW) velocity by studying switching dynamics of ferroelectric (FE) hafnium zirconium oxide (HZO). Experimental data and simulation results were used to

Multi-bit per-cell 1T SiGe Floating Body RAM for Cache Memory in Cryogenic Computing

July 22, 2022
Author(s)
Pragya Shrestha, Jason Campbell, Wriddhi Chakraborty, A Gupta, R Saligram, S Spetalnick, A Raychowdhury, Suman Datta
Cryogenic computing requires high-density on-die cache memory with low latency, high bandwidth and energy-efficient access to increase cache hit and maximize processor performance. Here, we experimentally demonstrate, high-speed multi-bit memory operation

Security Guidance for First Responder Mobile and Wearable Devices

July 20, 2022
Author(s)
Gema Howell, Kevin Gerard Brady, Don Harriss, Scott Ledgerwood
Public safety officials utilizing the forthcoming public safety broadband networks will have access to devices, such as mobile devices, tablets and wearables. These devices offer new ways for first responders to complete their missions but may also

Wind-Driven Fire Spread to a Structure from Fences and Mulch

July 20, 2022
Author(s)

Kathryn Butler, Erik L. Johnsson, Alexander Maranghides, Shonali Nazare, Marco G. Fernandez, Rachel McIntyre, William Saar, Mariusz Zarzecki, Wei Tang, Eric Auth, Michael Pryor, Colin McLaughlin

A series of field experiments was conducted to examine the effects on fire spread toward a structure for combustible fences and mulch under conditions that may be encountered in a wildland-urban interface (WUI) fire. The fire behavior of a variety of

Quantum materials for energy-efficient neuromorphic computing: Opportunities and challenges

July 19, 2022
Author(s)
Axel Hoffmann, Shriram Ramanathan, Julie Grollier, Andrew Kent, Marcelo Rozenberg, Ivan Schuller, Oleg Shpyrko, Robert Dynes, Yeshaiahu Fainman, Alex Frano, Eric Fullerton, Giulia Galli, Vitaliy Lomakin, Shyue Ping Ong, Amanda K. Petford-Long, Jonathan A. Schuller, Mark Stiles, Yayoi Takamura, Yimei Zhu
Neuromorphic computing approaches become increasingly important as we address future needs for efficiently processing massive amounts of data. The unique attributes of quantum materials can help address these needs by enabling new energy-efficient device

Rapid Phase Transition of Al2O3 Encapsulated MoTe2 via Thermal Annealing

July 19, 2022
Author(s)
Rohan Sengupta, Saroj Dangi, Sergiy Krylyuk, Albert Davydov, Spyridon Pavlidis
MoTe2 has gained a lot of attention recently as a potential phase change material candidate for low-power nonvolatile switches and high-density memory applications, due to the smallest predicted energy offset between its semiconducting 2H and semimetallic

Tensile Tests at 77 K and 4 K on 316L Stainless Steel Welded Plates

July 19, 2022
Author(s)
Dash Weeks, Nicholas Derimow, Jake Benzing
Based on the collaborative framework established between ASME, NASA, and NIST, quasi-static tensile tests were performed in liquid nitrogen (77 K) and liquid helium (4 K) on tensile specimens extracted from the centers of four welded 316L stainless steel

Forensic Iris: A Review, 2022

July 18, 2022
Author(s)
James Matey, George Quinn, Patrick J. Grother
John Daugman correctly summarized the state of forensic iris recognition circa 2006 for the book Forensic Human Identification: an Introduction [1]: Iris recognition has limited forensic value, because (unlike fingerprints or DNA, for example) (1) iris

Implementation of a Binary Neural Network on a Passive Array of Magnetic Tunnel Junctions

July 18, 2022
Author(s)
Jonathan Goodwill, Nitin Prasad, Brian Hoskins, Matthew Daniels, Advait Madhavan, Lei Wan, Tiffany Santos, Michael Tran, Jordan Katine, Patrick Braganca, Mark Stiles, Jabez J. McClelland
The increasing scale of neural networks and their growing application space have produced a demand for more energy and memory efficient artificial-intelligence-specific hardware. Avenues to mitigate the main issue, the von Neumann bottleneck, include in

Magnetic Uncertainties for Compact Kibble Balances: An Investigation

July 18, 2022
Author(s)
Shisong Li, Stephan Schlamminger
The Kibble balance has become one of the major instruments for realizing the mass unit, the kilogram, in the revised international system of units (SI). Researchers at about a dozen national metrology institutes are actively working with Kibble balances
Displaying 1 - 25 of 54744