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Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 54116

Towards the Development of Soft Force and Pressure Sensors for Robot Safety Applications

January 21, 2022
Author(s)
Jennifer Case, Nagarajan Rangarajan, Joseph Falco, Kenneth Kimble
When impacted by collaborative robots, human body parts deform which can cause surface and deep pain. Onset of pain has been determined as an acceptable injury threshold in human-robot impacts and has been related to pressure. Therefore, it is necessary to

Value Assignment of Reference Material 8404 Almond Flour for Allergen Detection

January 21, 2022
Author(s)
Melissa M. Phillips, David M. Bunk, Ashley Beasley Green, James H. Yen
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recently released RM 8404 Almond Flour for Allergen Detection, which is intended for harmonizing measurements of allergenic proteins in foods. The material was purchased from a commercial vendor and

Value Assignment of Reference Material 8405 Hazelnut Flour for Allergen Detection

January 21, 2022
Author(s)
Melissa M. Phillips, David M. Bunk, Ashley Beasley Green, James H. Yen
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) recently released RM 8405 Hazelnut Flour for Allergen Detection, which is intended for harmonizing measurements of allergenic proteins in foods. The material was purchased from a commercial vendor

Development and Evaluation of Bluetooth Low-Energy Device for Electronic Encounter Metrics

January 20, 2022
Author(s)
Katy Keenan, Joe Aumentado, Harold Booth, Kimberly Briggman, Mikail Kraft-Molleda, Michele Martin, Rene Peralta, Angela Robinson, Krister Shalm, Michelle Stephens, Emily Townsend, Sae Woo Nam
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic led to the need for tracking of physical contacts and potential exposure to disease. Traditional contact tracing can be augmented by electronic tools called "electronic contact tracing" or "exposure

Guide to Bluetooth Security

January 19, 2022
Author(s)
John Padgette, John Bahr, Mayank Batra, Rhonda Smithbey, Lily Chen, Karen Scarfone
Bluetooth wireless technology is an open standard for short-range radio frequency communication used primarily to establish wireless personal area networks (WPANs), and has been integrated into many types of business and consumer devices. This publication

Guide on Secondary Thermometry: Industrial Platinum Resistance Thermometers

January 18, 2022
Author(s)
Jonathan Pearce, Richard Rusby, Kazuaki Yamazawa, Stefan Rudtsch, L Iacomini, Giuseppina Lopardo, D Rodney White, Weston L. Tew
This document is a part of guidelines, prepared by the Consultative Committee for Thermometry, on the techniques for approximating the International Temperature Scale of 1990. It collates information on industrial platinum resistance thermometry. The

Understanding the dynamics of physiological changes, protein expression, and PFAS in wildlife

January 15, 2022
Author(s)
Jacqueline Bangma, T.C. Guillette, Paige Bommarito, Carla Ng, Jessica L. Reiner, Andrew Lindstrom, Mark Strynar
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) accumulation and elimination in both wildlife and humans is largely attributed to PFAS interactions with proteins, including but not limited to organic anion transporters (OATs), fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs

Welcome to SAMURAI's documentation!

January 13, 2022
Author(s)
Alec Weiss, Jeanne Quimby, Rod Leonhardt, Ben Jamroz, Peter Vouras, Kate Remley, Dylan Williams
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Communication Technology Laboratory (CTL) developed the Synthetic Aperture Measurement with Uncertainties and Angle of Arrival (SAMURAI) millimeter-wave testbed and technique. SAMURAI utilizes a

2p x-ray absorption spectroscopy of 3d transition metal systems

January 12, 2022
Author(s)
Eric L. Shirley, John Vinson, Frank de Groot, Hebatalla Elnaggar, Federica Frati, Ru-pan Wang, Mario Delgado, Michel van Veenendaal, Maurits Haverkort, Robert Green, Yaroslav Kvashnin, Atsushi Hariki, Harry Ramanantoanina, Claude Daul, Bernard Delley, Michael Odelius, Marcus Lundberg, Oliver Kuhn, Sergey Bokarev, Keith Gilmore, Mauro Stener, Giovanni Fronzoni, Piero Decleva, Peter Kruger, Marius Retegan, Javier Fernandez-Rodriguez, Gerritt van der Laan, Yves Joly, Christian Vorwerk, Claudia Draxl, John Rehr, Arata Tanaka, Hidekazu Ikeno
A variety of methods are presented that are presently used to treat x-ray absorption spectra of transition-metal 2p edges in a wide range of compounds. Different methods include different methods of chemical realism versus featuring the simplifications of

A Kinetic Mechanism for CF3I Inhibition of Methane-Air Flames

January 12, 2022
Author(s)
Valeri I. Babushok, Donald R. Burgess Jr., Gregory T. Linteris
The influence of CF3I on the burning velocity of methane-air flame is experimentally and numerically studied. Experimental results demonstrate that the inhibition effectiveness of CF3I is very close to that of CF3Br. A detailed kinetic model of flame

Core-hole potentials and related effects

January 12, 2022
Author(s)
Eric L. Shirley, Lars G. Pettersson, D. Prendergast
We consider the constrained-occupancy and (linear-response) self-consistent-field methods for screening of core-hole potentials that affect core excitation near-edge spectra. The methods are not exact, but each has distinct advantages and limitations. The

Noble-metal dark-edge fermiology: core-hole memory and the "Zeeman Auger" effect

January 12, 2022
Author(s)
Eric L. Shirley, Joseph Woicik, Conan Weiland, Ahmed Rumaiz, Charles Cardot, Joshua Kas, John Rehr
Gold and platinum have the face-centered-cubic crystal structure, are considered noble metals, and differ by one in atomic number. Near-edge M4,5 x-ray absorption and resonant M4,5N6,7N6,7 Auger spectroscopy reveal "dark" edges and a photon-energy

Revisiting a local, real-space approach to dielectric screening calculations

January 12, 2022
Author(s)
Eric L. Shirley, John Vinson
Various many-body perturbation theory techniques for calculating electron behavior rely on W, the screened Coulomb interaction. The screening requires complete knowledge of the dielectric response of the electronic system, and the delity of the calculated

CODATA Recommended Values of the Fundamental Physical Constants: 2018

January 10, 2022
Author(s)
Eite Tiesinga, Peter J. Mohr, David B. Newell, Barry N. Taylor
We report the 2018 self-consistent values of constants and conversion factors of physics and chemistry recommended by the Committee on Data of the International Science Council (CODATA). The recommended values can also be found at physics.nist.gov

Easy-plane spin Hall nano-oscillators as spiking neurons for neuromorphic computing

January 10, 2022
Author(s)
Danijela Markovic, Matthew Daniels, Pankaj Sethi, Andrew Kent, Mark D. Stiles, Julie Grollier
We show analytically using a macrospin approximation that easy-plane spin Hall nano-oscillators excited by a spin-current polarized perpendicularly to the easy-plane have phase dynamics analogous to that of Josephson junctions. This allows them to

NIST Outdoor Structure Separation Experiments (NOSSE): Preliminary Test Plan

January 10, 2022
Author(s)
Alexander Maranghides, Shonali Nazare, Eric Link, Matthew Bundy, Artur A. Chernovsky, Erik L. Johnsson, Kathryn Butler, Steven Hawks, Frank Bigelow, William (Ruddy) Mell, Anthony Bova, Derek McNamara, Tom MIlac, Daniel Gorham, Faraz Hedayati, Bob Raymer, Frank Frievalt, William Walton
The Structure Separation Project is a multi-level project to assess structure-to-structure fire spread in Wildland-Urban Interface (WUI) communities. The project is divided into three phases with each phase assessing radiant and convective heat exposures

Optical Fiber Time Delay Comparison between NIST and LAMETRO

January 10, 2022
Author(s)
Tasshi Dennis, Johnny Jimenez
We describe the results of a bilateral measurement comparison of optical fiber time delay between the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, USA) and Laboratorio de Metrología, Instituto Costarricense de Electricidad (LAMETRO-ICE, Costa Rica

Chiral Spin Bobbers in Exchange-Coupled Hard-Soft Magnetic Bilayers

January 6, 2022
Author(s)
X. H. Zhang, T. R. Gao, L. Fang, S. Fackler, Julie A. Borchers, Brian Kirby, Brian B. Maranville, S. E. Lofland, A. T. N'Diaye, E. Arenholz, A. Ullah, J. Cui, R. Skomski, Ichiro Takeuchi
The spin structure of exchange-coupled MnBi:Co-Fe bilayers is investigated by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), polarized neutron reflectometry (PNR), and micromagnetic simu-lations. The purpose of the present research is two-fold. First, the
Displaying 1 - 25 of 54116