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Displaying 1 - 25 of 1922

Symmetry-dependent ultrafast manipulation of nanoscale magnetic domains

December 23, 2022
Author(s)
Nanna Hagstrom, Rahul Jangid, F. N. U. Meera, Diego Turenne, Jeffrey Brock, Erik Lamb, Boyan Stoychev, Justine Schlappa, Natalia Gerasimova, Benjamin Van Kuiken, Rafael Gort, Laurent Mercadier, Loic Le Guyader, Andrey Samartsev, Andreas Scherz, Giuseppe Mercurio, Hermann Durr, Alexander Reid, Monika Arora, Hans Nembach, Justin Shaw, Emmanuelle Jal, Eric Fullerton, Mark Keller, Roopali Kukreja, Stefano Bonetti, Thomas J. Silva, Ezio Iacocca
Symmetry is a powerful concept in physics, but its applicability to far-from-equilibrium states is still being understood. Recent attention has focused on how far-from-equilibrium states lead to spontaneous symmetry breaking. Conversely, ultrafast optical

Precise Quantum Measurement of Vacuum with Cold Atoms

December 20, 2022
Author(s)
Daniel Barker, Bishnu Acharya, James A. Fedchak, Nikolai Klimov, Eric Norrgard, Julia Scherschligt, Eite Tiesinga, Stephen Eckel
We describe the cold-atom vacuum standards (CAVS) under development at the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The CAVS measures pressure in the ultra-high and extreme-high vacuum regimes by measuring the loss rate of sub-millikelvin sensor

Efficient chip-based optical parametric oscillators from 590 nm to 1150 nm

December 2, 2022
Author(s)
Jordan Stone, Xiyuan Lu, Gregory Moille, Kartik Srinivasan
Optical parametric oscillators are a ubiquitous technology used to generate coherent light at frequencies not accessible by conventional laser gain. However, chip-based parametric oscillators operating in the visible spectrum have suffered from pump-to

The Mathematics of Quantum Coin-Flipping

December 1, 2022
Author(s)
Carl A. Miller
An expository article (aimed at the general mathematics community) about quantum cryptography and the philosophy of applied mathematics. The article focuses on quantum coin-flipping, a research problem that has a particularly long history.

Dynamical Instability of 3d Stationary and Traveling Planar Dark Solitons

November 9, 2022
Author(s)
Ian Spielman, Amilson R. Fritsch, T. Mithun, Panayotis Kevrekidis
Here we revisit the topic of stationary and propagating solitonic excitations in self-repulsive three-dimensional Bose-Einstein condensates by quantitatively comparing theoretical analysis and associated numerical computations with our experimental results

Enhanced Atomic Precision Fabrication by Adsorption of Phosphine into Engineered Dangling Bonds on H-Si Using STM and DFT

November 1, 2022
Author(s)
Jonathan Wyrick, Xiqiao Wang, Pradeep Namboodiri, Ranjit Kashid, Fan Fei, Joseph Fox, Richard M. Silver
Doping of Si using the scanning probe technique of hydrogen depassivation lithography has been shown to enable placing and positioning small numbers of P atoms with nanometer accuracy. Several groups have now used this capability to build devices that

Simplified algorithms for adaptive experiment design in parameter estimation

November 1, 2022
Author(s)
Robert D. McMichael, Sean Blakley
In experiments to estimate parameters of a parametric model, Bayesian experiment design allows measurement settings to be chosen based on utility, i.e. the predicted improvement of parameter distributions due to modeled measurement results. In this paper

Fractional optical angular momentum and multi-defect-mediated mode renormalization and orientation control in photonic crystal microring resonators

October 28, 2022
Author(s)
Mingkang Wang, Feng Zhou, Xiyuan Lu, Andrew McClung, Vladimir Aksyuk, Kartik Srinivasan
Whispering gallery modes (WGMs) in circularly symmetric optical microresonators exhibit integer quantized angular momentum numbers due to the boundary condition imposed by the geometry. Here, we show that incorporating a photonic crystal pattern in an

Optical-parametric oscillation in photonic-crystal ring resonators

October 20, 2022
Author(s)
Jennifer Black, Grant Brodnik, Haixin Liu, Su-Peng Yu, David Carlson, Jizhao Zang, Travis Briles, Scott Papp
By-design access to laser wavelength, especially with integrated photonics, is critical to advance quantum sensors, such as optical clocks and quantum-information systems, and open opportunities in optical communication. Semiconductor-laser gain provides

Density changes in amorphous silicon induced by swift heavy ions

October 4, 2022
Author(s)
Sjoerd Roorda, Amelie Lacroix, Stephanie Codsi, Gabrielle Long, Fan Zhang, Steven Weigand, Christina Trautmann
Pure and gold-doped amorphous silicon membranes were irradiated with swift heavy ions (75 MeV Ag or 1.1 GeV Au ions) and studied by small angle X-ray scattering. The samples that were irradiated with 1.1 GeV Au ions produced a scattering pattern consistent

High-Throughput Nanopore Fabrication and Classification Using Xe-Ion Irradiation and Automated Pore-Edge Analysis

September 26, 2022
Author(s)
Michal Macha, Sanjin Marion, Mukesh Tripathi, Martina Lihter, Alex Smolyanitsky, Andras Kis, Aleksandra Radenovic
Large-area nanopore drilling is a major bottleneck in state-of-the-art nanoporous 2D membrane fabrication protocols. In addition, high-quality structural and statistical descriptions of as-fabricated porous membranes are key to predicting the corresponding

Visualizing Localized, Radiative Defects in GaAs Solar Cells

September 1, 2022
Author(s)
Behrang Hamadani, Margaret Stevens, Brianna Conrad, Matthew Lumb, Kenneth Schmieder
We have used a calibrated, wide-field hyperspectral imaging instrument to obtain absolute spectrally and spatially resolved photoluminescence images in high growth-rate, rear-junction GaAs solar cells from 300 K to 77 K. At the site of some localized
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1922