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Displaying 1 - 25 of 1696

Activation of Mechanophores in a Thermoset Matrix by Instrumented Scratch

November 17, 2021
Author(s)
Chelsea S. Davis, Jeremiah Woodcock, Ryan Beams, Mitchell Rencheck, Muzhou Wang, Stephan J. Stranick, Aaron M. Forster, Jeffrey Gilman
Scratches in polymer coatings and barrier layers negatively impact optical properties (haze, light transmission, etc.), initiate routes of degradation or corrosion (moisture permeability), and nucleate delamination of the coating. Detecting scratches in

Solvent-cast 3D Printing of Biodegradable Polymer Scaffolds

October 22, 2021
Author(s)
John Tolbert, Diana Hammerstone, Nathaniel Yuchimiuk, Jonathan Seppala, Lesley Chow
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a popular technique to fabricate scaffolds for tissue engineering because of its ability to produce complex tissue-like architectures. Scaffolds are often 3D printed using biodegradable polymers like poly(caprolactone)

Imperfect Surface Order and Functionalization in Vertical Carbon Nanotube Arrays Probed by Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscoy (NEXAFS)

October 12, 2021
Author(s)
T Hemraj-Benny, S Banerjee, S Sambasivan, Daniel A. Fischer, G Eres, Alexander Puretzky, David B. Geohegan, D H. Lowndes, J A. Misewich, S S. Wong
Probing surface order in nanotube systems is of fundamental importance for incorporation of these materials into practical electronic devices. The current study pertains to analysis of the surface orientation of vertically aligned single-walled and multi

Measuring Tie Chains and Trapped Entanglements in Semicrystalline Polymers

September 21, 2021
Author(s)
Amanda G. McDermott, Paul DesLauriers, Jeff Fodor, Ronald L. Jones, Chad R. Snyder
A label-free method for quantifying stress-transmitter (or elastically effective molecule) content (p) in semicrystalline polymers, including both tie molecules and bridging entanglements, is developed and demonstrated based on swelling with deuterated

Temperature-insensitive silicone composites as ballistic witness materials: the impact of water content on the thermophysical properties

July 28, 2021
Author(s)
Ran Tao, Fan Zhang, Huong Giang Nguyen, Philip Bernstein, Amanda L. Forster, Randy Mrozek, Aaron M. Forster
In this work, different formulations of a room-temperature silicone composite backing material (SCBM) composed of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), fumed silica and corn starch were investigated using different characterization techniques, i.e., differential

Simulated filament shapes in embedded 3D printing

July 22, 2021
Author(s)
Leanne Friedrich, Jonathan Seppala
Embedded 3D printing, wherein fluid inks are extruded into a bath, has enabled the manufacture of complex, custom structures ranging from cell-laden tissue analogues to soft robotics. This method encompasses two techniques: embedded ink writing (EIW)

Molecular Mass Dependence of Interfacial Tension in Complex Coacervation

June 11, 2021
Author(s)
Debra Audus, Samim Ali, Artem Rumyantsev, Yuanchi Ma, Juan J. de Pablo, Vivek Prabhu
The interfacial tension of coacervates, the liquidlike phase composed of oppositely charged polymers that coexists at equilibrium with a supernatant, forms the basis for multiple technologies. Here we present a comprehensive set of experiments and

Fabrication of 3D Printed Hydroxyapatite Composite Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration

May 19, 2021
Author(s)
Yoontae Kim, Eun-Jin Lee, Albert Davydov, Stanislav Frakhtbeyen, Jonathan Seppala, Laurence Chow, Tagaki Shozo, Stella Alimperti
Additive biomanufacturing has been adapted in a wide variety of biomedical and tissue engineering applications, including orthopedics. The ability to print biocompatible, patient-specific geometries with controlled porosity, mechanical strength has made

Estimations of the effective Young's modulus of specimens prepared by fused filament fabrication

April 5, 2021
Author(s)
Lichen Fang, Yishu Yan, Ojaswi Agarwal, Jonathan Seppala, Kalman D. Migler, Thao D. Nguyen, Kevin Hemker, Sung Hoon Kang
The elastic response of homogeneous isotropic materials is most commonly represented by their Young's modulus (E), but geometric variability associated with additive manufacturing results in materials that are neither homogeneous nor isotropic. Here we

Optimizing Flame Retardancy and Durability of Melamine-Formaldehyde/Solid-Urban-Waste Composite Panels

February 26, 2021
Author(s)
Mauro Zammarano, Carola Esposito Corcione, Francesca Ferrari, Raffaella Striani, Laura J. Dubrulle, Paolo Visconti, Antonio Greco
In our previous study, an innovative method for sterilization, inertization, and valorization of organic fraction of the municipal solid waste (OFMSW), to be recycled in the production of composite panels, had been developed. In this follow-up work, the

Tailoring electrode-electrolyte-interfaces in lithium-ion batteries using molecularly engineered functional polymers

February 22, 2021
Author(s)
Jamie Weaver, Laisuo Su, Mitchell C. Groenenboom, Nathan Nakamura, Eric Daniel Rus, Priyanka Anand, Shikhar Krishn Jha, Joseph Okasinski, B Reeja-Jayan, Joseph Dura
Electrode−electrolyte interfaces (EEIs) affect the rate capability, cycling stability, and thermal safety of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs). Designing stable EEIs with fast Li+ transport is crucial for developing advanced LIBs. Here, we study Li+ kinetics at

Methods for Characterization of Bioactivity Using Confocal Microscopy

December 1, 2020
Author(s)
Jirun Sun, Nancy Lin, Joy Dunkers, Sheng Lin-Gibson
One common tissue engineering approach for regenerating or replacing damaged tissues involves a porous polymeric scaffold. The scaffolds serve as the mechanical framework for cell attachment and growth, and generate an environment with features that span

Materials Combining Asymmetric Pore Structures with Well-Defined Mesoporosity for Energy Storage and Conversion

November 25, 2020
Author(s)
Sarah Hesse, Kevin Fritz, Peter A. Beaucage, R. Paxton Thedford, Fei Yu, Francis Disalvo, Jin Suntivich, Ulrich Wiesner
Porous materials design often faces a trade-off between the requirements of high internal surface area and high reagent flux. Inorganic materials with asymmetric/hierarchical pore structures or well-defined mesopores have been tested to overcome this trade

Calibration Procedures for Orthogonal Superposition Rheology

November 18, 2020
Author(s)
Ran Tao, Aaron M. Forster
Orthogonal superposition (OSP) rheology is an advanced rheological technique that involves superimposing a small-amplitude oscillatory shear deformation orthogonal to a primary shear flow. This technique allows the measurement of structural dynamics of

EFFECTS OF PRE-STRAIN ON THE NON-LINEAR VISCOELASTIC PROPERTIES OF A MODEL SEALANT

November 18, 2020
Author(s)
Christopher C. White, Donald L. Hunston, Kar tean Tan
The non-linear viscoelastic properties of a model sealant were measured using stress relaxation tests conducted at different strain levels, x. Some specimens were measured with no previous strain history while others were given a preconditioning that
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1696