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Displaying 1 - 25 of 1690

Imperfect Surface Order and Functionalization in Vertical Carbon Nanotube Arrays Probed by Near Edge X-ray Absorption Fine Structure Spectroscoy (NEXAFS)

October 12, 2021
Author(s)
T Hemraj-Benny, S Banerjee, S Sambasivan, Daniel A. Fischer, G Eres, Alexander Puretzky, David B. Geohegan, D H. Lowndes, J A. Misewich, S S. Wong
Probing surface order in nanotube systems is of fundamental importance for incorporation of these materials into practical electronic devices. The current study pertains to analysis of the surface orientation of vertically aligned single-walled and multi

Measuring Tie Chains and Trapped Entanglements in Semicrystalline Polymers

September 21, 2021
Author(s)
Amanda G. McDermott, Paul DesLauriers, Jeff Fodor, Ronald L. Jones, Chad R. Snyder
A label-free method for quantifying stress-transmitter (or elastically effective molecule) content (p) in semicrystalline polymers, including both tie molecules and bridging entanglements, is developed and demonstrated based on swelling with deuterated

Temperature-insensitive silicone composites as ballistic witness materials: the impact of water content on the thermophysical properties

July 28, 2021
Author(s)
Ran Tao, Fan Zhang, Huong Giang Nguyen, Philip Bernstein, Amanda Forster, Randy Mrozek, Aaron M. Forster
In this work, different formulations of a room-temperature silicone composite backing material (SCBM) composed of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS), fumed silica and corn starch were investigated using different characterization techniques, i.e., differential

Molecular Mass Dependence of Interfacial Tension in Complex Coacervation

June 11, 2021
Author(s)
Debra Audus, Samim Ali, Artem Rumyantsev, Yuanchi Ma, Juan J. de Pablo, Vivek Prabhu
The interfacial tension of coacervates, the liquidlike phase composed of oppositely charged polymers that coexists at equilibrium with a supernatant, forms the basis for multiple technologies. Here we present a comprehensive set of experiments and

Fabrication of 3D Printed Hydroxyapatite Composite Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration

May 19, 2021
Author(s)
Yoontae Kim, Eun-Jin Lee, Albert Davydov, Stanislav Frakhtbeyen, Jonathan Seppala, Laurence Chow, Tagaki Shozo, Stella Alimperti
Additive biomanufacturing has been adapted in a wide variety of biomedical and tissue engineering applications, including orthopedics. The ability to print biocompatible, patient-specific geometries with controlled porosity, mechanical strength has made

Estimations of the effective Young's modulus of specimens prepared by fused filament fabrication

April 5, 2021
Author(s)
Lichen Fang, Yishu Yan, Ojaswi Agarwal, Jonathan Seppala, Kalman D. Migler, Thao D. Nguyen, Kevin Hemker, Sung Hoon Kang
The elastic response of homogeneous isotropic materials is most commonly represented by their Young's modulus (E), but geometric variability associated with additive manufacturing results in materials that are neither homogeneous nor isotropic. Here we

Optimizing Flame Retardancy and Durability of Melamine-Formaldehyde/Solid-Urban-Waste Composite Panels

February 26, 2021
Author(s)
Mauro Zammarano, Carola Esposito Corcione, Francesca Ferrari, Raffaella Striani, Laura J. Dubrulle, Paolo Visconti, Antonio Greco
In our previous study, an innovative method for sterilization, inertization, and valorization of organic fraction of the municipal solid waste (OFMSW), to be recycled in the production of composite panels, had been developed. In this follow-up work, the

Methods for Characterization of Bioactivity Using Confocal Microscopy

December 1, 2020
Author(s)
Jirun Sun, Nancy Lin, Joy Dunkers, Sheng Lin-Gibson
One common tissue engineering approach for regenerating or replacing damaged tissues involves a porous polymeric scaffold. The scaffolds serve as the mechanical framework for cell attachment and growth, and generate an environment with features that span

Materials Combining Asymmetric Pore Structures with Well-Defined Mesoporosity for Energy Storage and Conversion

November 25, 2020
Author(s)
Sarah Hesse, Kevin Fritz, Peter A. Beaucage, R. Paxton Thedford, Fei Yu, Francis Disalvo, Jin Suntivich, Ulrich Wiesner
Porous materials design often faces a trade-off between the requirements of high internal surface area and high reagent flux. Inorganic materials with asymmetric/hierarchical pore structures or well-defined mesopores have been tested to overcome this trade

Calibration Procedures for Orthogonal Superposition Rheology

November 18, 2020
Author(s)
Ran Tao, Aaron M. Forster
Orthogonal superposition (OSP) rheology is an advanced rheological technique that involves superimposing a small-amplitude oscillatory shear deformation orthogonal to a primary shear flow. This technique allows the measurement of structural dynamics of

EFFECTS OF PRE-STRAIN ON THE NON-LINEAR VISCOELASTIC PROPERTIES OF A MODEL SEALANT

November 18, 2020
Author(s)
Christopher C. White, Donald L. Hunston, Kar tean Tan
The non-linear viscoelastic properties of a model sealant were measured using stress relaxation tests conducted at different strain levels, x. Some specimens were measured with no previous strain history while others were given a preconditioning that

Estimating the Impact of 16 CFR Part 1633 on Bed Fire Outcomes

November 18, 2020
Author(s)
Stanley W. Gilbert, David Butry, Rick D. Davis, Richard Gann
Effective July 1, 2007, the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission promulgated a standard to severely reduce the heat release rate and the early heat output from mattresses and foundations when ignited by a flaming ignition source. This study estimates

AMB2018-03: Benchmark Physical Property Measurements for Material Extrusion Additive Manufacturing of Polycarbonate

October 29, 2020
Author(s)
Daniel P. Cole, Frank Gardea, Todd C. Henry, Jonathan Seppala, Edward Garboczi, Kalman D. Migler, Christopher M. Shumeyko, Jeffery R. Westrich, Sara Orski, Jeffery L. Gair
Material extrusion (MatEx) is finding increasing applications in additive manufacturing of thermoplastics due to the ease of use and the ability to process disparate polymers. Since part strength is anisotropic and frequently deviates negatively with

Percolation implications in the rheology of crystallization

October 26, 2020
Author(s)
Anthony P. Kotula, Kalman D. Migler
The rheology of polymer crystallization is an old problem that often defies explanation due to the complex interrelationships between crystallization and flow properties. Although separate measurements of rheology and crystallinity can give some

Rheology of Crystallizing LLDPE

October 8, 2020
Author(s)
Marat Andreev, David Nicholson, Anthony Kotula, Jonathan D. Moore, Jaap Den Doelder, Gregory C. Rutledge
Polymer crystallization occurs in many plastic manufacturing processes, from injection molding to film blowing. Linear low-density polyethylene (LLDPE) is one of the most commonly processed polymers, wherein the type and extent of short chain branching
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1690