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Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 1853

Simulating drifting fish aggregating device trajectories to identify potential interactions with endangered sea turtles

May 20, 2024
Author(s)
Lauriane Escalle, Joe Scutt Phillips, Jon Lopez, Jennifer Lynch, Hilario Murua, Sarah-Jeanne Royer, Yonat Swimmer, J Murua, Alex Sen Gupta, Victor Restrepo, Gala Moreno
Purse-seine fishers using drifting fish aggregating devices (dFADs), mainly built with bamboo, plastic buoys, and plastic netting, to aggregate and catch tropical tuna, deploy 46,000–65,000 dFADs per year in the Pacific Ocean. Some of the major concerns

Self-Assembly of Hierarchical High-h Fluorinated Block Copolymers with an Orthogonal Smectic-within-Lamellae 3 nm Sub-Lattice and Vertical Surface Orientation

April 16, 2024
Author(s)
Bijal Patel, Hongbo Feng, Whitney Loo, Chad R. Snyder, Christopher Eom, Julia Murphy, Daniel Sunday, Paul Nealey, Dean DeLongchamp
Hierarchical structure-within-structure assemblies offer a route toward increasingly complex and multifunctional materials while pushing the limits of block copolymer self-assembly. We present a detailed study of the self-assembly of a series of

Evaluating Models That Predict Epoxy Conversion Using Rheological Properties

April 15, 2024
Author(s)
Stian Romberg, Paul Roberts, Chad R. Snyder, Anthony Kotula
Simultaneous rheology and conversion measurements of neat and composite epoxy resins reveal that conventional models neither accurately nor fully describe the relationship between rheology and conversion. We find that models predicting thermoset conversion

Results of an Interlaboratory Study on the Working Curve in Vat Photopolymerization

March 18, 2024
Author(s)
Thomas Kolibaba, Jason Killgore, Benjamin Caplins, Callie Higgins, Uwe Arp, C Cameron Miller, Yuqin Zong, Dianne L. Poster
The working curve informs resin properties and print parameters for stereolithography, digital light processing, and other photopolymer additive manufacturing (PAM) technologies. First demonstrated in 1992, the working curve measurement of cure depth vs

Temperature Dependence of Kinetic Friction: A Handle for Plastics Sorting?

February 26, 2024
Author(s)
Chad R. Snyder, Kalman Migler
Sortation is a crucial step in mechanical recycling of post-consumer plastics (PCR) whereby properties such as density or spectral signature are used to separate plastics. However it is difficult to sort polyolefin flakes at high throughput by these

Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC): An important tool for polymer identification and characterization of plastic marine debris

February 19, 2024
Author(s)
Jennifer Lynch, Raquel Corniuk, Kayla C. Brignac, Melissa Jung, Joelle Marchiani, Wanda Weatherford
Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), a routine thermoanalytical method in material science, is gaining utility in plastic pollution research to improve polymer identification. We optimized a DSC method, experimentally testing pan types, temperature

Toward pluripotent materials through tempering of dynamic covalent polymer networks

February 2, 2024
Author(s)
Anthony Kotula, Nicholas Boynton, Joseph Dennis, Neil Dolinski, Charlie Lindberg, Garrett Grocke, Stephanie Vivod, Shrayesh Patel, Stuart Rowan
Pluripotency is defined as a system not fixed as to its developmental potentialities. While stem cells and pluripotent materials have heretofore been synonymous, a synthetic analog would lead to significant advancements in materials design for resource

Connecting Molecular Exchange Dynamics to Stress Relaxation in Phase-Separated Dynamic Covalent Networks

January 22, 2024
Author(s)
Neil Dolinski, Ran Tao, Nicholas Boynton, Anthony Kotula, Charlie Lindberg, Kyle Petersen, Aaron M. Forster, Stuart Rowan
A suite of phase separated dynamic covalent networks based on highly tunable dynamic benzalcyanoacetate (BCA) thia-Michael acceptors are investigated. In situ kinetic studies on small molecule model systems are used in conjunction with macroscopic

Calculating Pairwise Similarity of Polymer Ensembles via Earth Mover's Distance

January 10, 2024
Author(s)
Jiale Shi, Dylan Walsh, Weizhong Zou, Nathan Rebello, Michael Deagen, Katharina Fransen, Xian Gao, Debra Audus, Bradley Olsen
Synthetic polymers, in contrast to small molecules and deterministic biomacromolecules, are typically ensembles composed of polymer chains with varying numbers, lengths, sequences, chemistry, and topologies. While numerous approaches exist for measuring

Microplastics absent from reef fish in the Marshall Islands: Multistage screening methods reduced false positives

November 29, 2023
Author(s)
Katherine Shaw, Jonathan Whitney, Eileen Nalley, Madeline Schmidbauer, Megan Donahue, Jesse Black, Raquel Corniuk, Kellie Teague, Catherine Pirkle, Rachel Dacks, Max Sudnovsky, Jennifer Lynch
Island communities, like the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI), depend on marine resources for food and economics, so plastic ingestion by those resources is a concern. The gastrointestinal tracts of nine species of reef fish across five trophic

Polybutadiene Click Chemistry: A Rapid and Direct Method for Vat Photopolymerization

October 10, 2023
Author(s)
Levi Moore, Van Michael Saludo, Oliver Grasdal, Kayleen Smith, Thomas Kolibaba, Jason Killgore, Jacob Marcischak, Jeremy Snyder, Gregory Yandek, Kamran Ghiassi
Thiol-ene click chemistry was utilized to crosslink unmodified commercial liquid polybutadiene, and complex geometries were printed using vat photopolymerization. Polybutadiene contains reactive moieties as a result of its production process, and were used

Unintended consequences: Assessing thermo-mechanical changes in vinyl nitrile foam due to micro-computed X-ray tomographic imaging

October 5, 2023
Author(s)
Alexander Landauer, Zois Tsinas, Orion Kafka, Newell Moser, Jack Leigh Glover, Aaron M. Forster
Micro-computed X-ray tomography (μCT) is a volumetric imaging tool used to quantify the internal structure of materials. μCT imaging with mechanical testing (in situ μCT) helps visualize strain-induced structural changes and develop structure-property

Polymer Identification of Floating Derelict Fishing Gear from O'ahu, Hawai`i

September 28, 2023
Author(s)
Raquel Corniuk, Katherine Shaw, Andrew McWhirter, Harry Lynch, Sarah-Jeanne Royer, Jennifer Lynch
Discarded fishing gear (DFG) comprises most of the plastic in the North Pacific Ocean and causes environmental and economic losses. Building evidence on the material construction of fishing gear types is critical to develop solutions to reduce DFG amounts

Open Source, In-situ, Intermediate Strain Rate Tensile Impact Device for Soft Materials and Cell Culture Systems

September 19, 2023
Author(s)
Luke Summey, Jing Zhang, Alexander Landauer, Jamie Sergay, Jin Yang, Annalise Daul, Jialiang Tao, Jessica Park, Christian Franck
Background: Intermediate-strain-rate mechanical testing of soft and biological materials is important when designing, measuring, predicting, or manipulating an object or system's response to common impact scenarios. Open source micro-mechanical testing

Quantifying Pairwise Similarity for Complex Polymers

September 6, 2023
Author(s)
Jiale Shi, Nathan Rebello, Dylan Walsh, Michael Deagen, Bruno Salomao Leao, Debra Audus, Bradley Olsen
Defining the similarity between chemical entities is an essential task in polymer informatics, enabling ranking, clustering, and classification. Despite its importance, pairwise chemical similarity for polymers remains an open problem. Here, a similarity

Rapid chemical screening of microplastics and nanoplastics by thermal desorption and pyrolysis mass spectrometry with unsupervised fuzzy clustering

August 11, 2023
Author(s)
Thomas P. Forbes, John Pettibone, Eric S. Windsor, Joseph M. Conny, Robert A. Fletcher
The transport and chemical identification of microplastics and nanoplastics (MNPs) are critical to the concerns over plastic accumulation in the environment. Chemically and physically transient MNP species present unique challenges for isolation and
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1853