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Displaying 1 - 25 of 1708

Three-dimensional, label-free cell viability measurements in tissue engineering scaffolds using optical coherence tomography

March 14, 2023
Greta Babakhanova, Anant Agrawal, Deepika Arora, Allison Horenberg, Jagat Budhathoki, Joy Dunkers, Joe Chalfoun, Peter Bajcsy, Carl Simon Jr.
In the field of tissue engineering, 3D scaffolds and cells are often combined to yield constructs that are used as therapeutics to repair or restore tissue function in patients. Viable cells are required to achieve the intended mechanism of action for the

Measuring Dimensionality of Cell-Scaffold Contacts of Primary Human Bone Marrow Stromal Cells Cultured on Electrospun Fiber Scaffolds

January 1, 2023
Carl Simon Jr., Peter Bajcsy, Joe Chalfoun, Michael Paul Majurski, Mary C. Brady, Mylene Simon, Nathan Hotaling, Nick Schaub, Allison Horenberg, Piotr Szczypinski, Dongbo Wang, Veronica DeFelice, Soweon Yoon, Stephanie Florczyk
The properties and structure of the cellular microenvironment can influence cell behavior. Sites of cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM) initiate intracellular signaling that direct cell functions such as proliferation, differentiation and

Polydimethylsiloxane tissue-mimicking phantoms with tunable optical properties

July 1, 2022
Aaron Goldfain, Paul Lemaillet, David W. Allen, Kimberly Briggman, Jeeseong C. Hwang
We report on techniques to manufacture and characterize solid tissue-mimicking phantoms of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) polymers. Tunability of the absorption (a()) and reduced scattering spectra (s'()) in the wavelength range of 500 nm to 850 nm is

Engineering 3D Printed Scaffolds with Tunable Hydroxyapatite

June 15, 2022
Yoontae Kim, Eun Jin Lee, Anthony Kotula, Shozo Takagi, Laurence C. Chow, Styliani Alimperti
Bone grafting is a surgical procedure to bone repair due to trauma or diseases in the craniofacial and dental area. Current limitations of autogenous and allogeneic grafts are often associated with reduced host-graft integration due to geometrical confor

Reference Materials for MS-based Untargeted Metabolomics and Lipidomics: A Review by the Metabolomics Quality Assurance and Quality Control Consortium (mQACC)

April 9, 2022
Katrice Lippa, William Davis, Christina Jones, Tracey Schock, Juan Aristizabal-Henao, Richard Beger, John Bowden, Corey Broeckling, Chris Beecher, Warwick Dunn, Roberto Flores, Goncalo Gouveia, Thomas Hartung, Matthew Lewis, Ioanna Ntai, Andrew Percy, Dan Raftery, Jinchun Sun, Georgios Theodoridis, Fariba Tayyari, Federico Torta, Candice Ulmer, Baljit Ubhi
Introduction The metabolomics quality assurance and quality control consortium (mQACC) is enabling the identification, development, prioritization and promotion of suitable reference materials (RMs) to be used in quality assurance (QA) and quality control

The Structure of Lipids and Keratin in Adhesive Gecko Setae Determined by NEXAFS Imaging

March 1, 2022
Daniel A. Fischer, Cherno Jaye, Katinka R. Holler, Mette H. Rasmussen, Joe E. Baio, Stanislav N. Gorb, Tobias Weidner
Geckos have the astonishing ability to climb on vertical surfaces due to the adhesive properties of fibrous setae at the tips of their toe pads. While the adhesion mechanism principle, based on van-der-Waals interactions of myriads of spatula located at

Micromechanical Compatibility Between Cells and Scaffolds Directs Phenotypic Transition of Stem Cells

January 28, 2022
Yang Song, Jiaoyue Long, Jeremiah Woodcock, Joy Dunkers, Hung Chun Lin, Douglas M. Fox, Xiaoling Liao, Yonggang Lv, Li Yang, Martin Chiang
This study experimentally substantiates the micromechanical compatibility between cell and substrate is essential for cells to achieve energetically favorable mechanotransduction that directs phenotypic transitions. The argument for this compatibility is

HDX-MS and MD simulations provide evidence for stabilization of the IgG1- FcgRIa (CD64a) immune complex through intermolecular glycoprotein bonds

December 8, 2021
Kyle Anderson, Kerry Scott, Christina Bergonzo, Ioannis Karageorgos, Elyssia Gallagher, Venkata Tayi, Michael Butler, Jeffrey W. Hudgens
Previous reports present different models for the stabilization of the Fc—FcγRI immune complex. Although accord exists on the importance of L235 in IgG1 and some hydrophobic contacts for complex stabilization, discord exists regarding the existence of

Blood vessel-on-a-chip examines biomechanics of microvasculature

November 15, 2021
Paul Salipante, Steven D. Hudson, Styliani Alimperti
We use a three-dimensional (3D) microvascular platform to measure the elasticity and membrane permeability of the endothelial cell layer. The microfluidic platform is connected with a pneumatic pressure controller to apply hydrostatic pressure. The

Solvent-cast 3D Printing of Biodegradable Polymer Scaffolds

October 22, 2021
John Tolbert, Diana Hammerstone, Nathaniel Yuchimiuk, Jonathan Seppala, Lesley Chow
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a popular technique to fabricate scaffolds for tissue engineering because of its ability to produce complex tissue-like architectures. Scaffolds are often 3D printed using biodegradable polymers like poly(caprolactone)

Analytical and Numerical Analyses for Two-Dimensional Stress Transfer

October 12, 2021
C H. Hsueh, P Becher, Lin-Sien H. Lum, Stephen A. Langer, W Carter
Both analytical modeling and numerical simulations were performed to analyze the stress transfer in platelet-reinforced composites in a two-dimensional sense. In the two-dimensional model, an embedded elongate plate bonded to a matrix along its length

c-Axis Oriented Epitaxial BaTiO 3 Films on (001) Si

October 12, 2021
V Vaithyanathan, J Lettieri, W Tian, A Kochhar, H Ma, A Sharan, A Vasudevarao, J. A. Aust, Y Li, Long-Qing Chen, P Zschack, Joseph Woicik
c-axis oriented epitaxial films of the ferroelectric BaTiO3 have been grown on (001) Si by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE). The orientation relationship between the film and substrate is (001) BaTiO3 // (001) Si and [100] BaTiO3 // [110] Si. The
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1708