Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 169

An Automated System for Flow Characterization at Exhaust Ducts and Smokestacks

February 10, 2023
Rodney Bryant, Artur A. Chernovsky, Joseph A. Falco, Iosif Isaakovich Shinder
This report summarizes the design and description for an automated system of velocity traverse probes. Performance of key components of the system are also described. The system is designed for conducting detailed characterizations of flow distributions in

IG3IS Urban Greenhouse Gas Emission Observation and Monitoring Best Research Practices

August 1, 2022
Jocelyn Turnbull, Philip DeCola, Kimberly Mueller, Felix Vogel, Anna Karion, Israel Lopez Coto, James Whetstone
The Integrated Global Greenhouse Gas Information System (IG3IS) aims to coordinate an integrated global greenhouse gas information system, linking inventory and process model-based information with atmospheric observations and atmospheric modelling, to

The impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on greenhouse gases: a multi-city analysis of in situ atmospheric observations

April 27, 2022
Vanessa Monteiro, Natasha Miles, Scott Richardson, Jocelyn Turnbull, Anna Karion, Jooil Kim, Kristal Verhulst, Logan Mitchell, John Lin, Maryann Sargent, Steven Wofsy, Felix Vogel, Kenneth Davis
We tested the capabilities of urban greenhouse gas (GHG) measurement networks to detect abrupt changes in emissions, such as those caused by the roughly 6-week COVID-19 lockdown in March 2020 using hourly in situ GHG mole fraction measurements from six

Background conditions for an urban greenhouse gas network in the Washington, D.C. and Baltimore metropolitan region

August 25, 2021
Anna Karion, Israel Lopez Coto, Sharon Gourdji, Kimberly Mueller, Subhomoy Ghosh, William Callahan, Michael Stock, Elizabeth DiGangi, Steve Prinzivalli, James Whetstone
As city governments take steps towards establishing emissions reduction targets, the atmospheric research community is increasingly able to assist in tracking emissions reductions. Researchers have established systems for observing atmospheric greenhouse

Blow-Down Calibration of a Large Ultrasonic Flow Meter

April 21, 2021
Aaron Johnson, Eric Harman, Joey Boyd
Oil and gas production industries use large (diameter > 0.8 m) ultrasonic flow meters (USMs) to measure exhaust gas from flare stacks, emissions from smokestacks, flow of natural gas, etc. Since most flow laboratories do not have compressors with

Fluxes of Atmospheric Greenhouse-Gases in Maryland (FLAGG-MD): Emissions of Carbon Dioxide in the Baltimore-Washington, DC area

April 15, 2020
Doyeon Ahn, Jonathan R. Hansford, Shawn T. Howe, Xinrong R. Ren, Ross J. Salawitch, Ning Zeng, Mark D. Cohen, Barbara Stunder, Olivia E. Salmon, Paul B. Shepson, Kevin R. Gurney, Tomohiro Oda, Israel Lopez Coto, James Whetstone, Russel R. Dickerson
To study emissions of CO2 in the Baltimore-Washington, DC (Balt-Wash) area, an aircraft campaign was conducted in February 2015, as part of the FLAGG-MD (Fluxes of Atmospheric Greenhouse-Gases in Maryland) project. During the campaign, elevated mixing

Greenhouse gas observations from the Northeast Corridor tower network

March 25, 2020
Anna Karion, William Callahan, Michael Stock, Steve Prinzivalli, Kristal R. Verhulst, Jooil Kim, Peter Salameh, Israel Lopez Coto, James R. Whetstone
We present the organization, structure, instrumentation, and measurements of the Northeast Corridor greenhouse gas observation network. This network of tower-based in-situ carbon dioxide and methane observations was established in 2015 with the goal of

Faster, More Accurate, Stack-Flow Measurements

February 25, 2020
Aaron N. Johnson, Iosif I. Shinder, Bernard J. Filla, Joey T. Boyd, Rodney A. Bryant, Michael R. Moldover, Thomaa D. Martz, Matthew Gentry
Exhaust flows from coal-fired electricity-generating-plants are determined by measuring the flue gas velocity at prescribed points in the stack cross section. These velocity measurements are made using EPA-approved differential pressure probes such as the

Wintertime CO2, CH4 and CO emissions estimation for the Washington DC / Baltimore metropolitan area using an inverse modeling technique

February 11, 2020
Israel Lopez Coto, Xinrong Ren, Olivia E. Salmon, Anna Karion, Paul B. Shepson, Russell R. Dickerson, Ariel Stein, Kuldeep R. Prasad, James R. Whetstone
Since greenhouse gas mitigation efforts are being mostly implemented in cities, the ability to quantify emission trends for urban environments is of paramount importance. However, previous aircraft work has indicated large daily variability in the results
Displaying 1 - 25 of 169