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Displaying 1 - 25 of 215

Understanding the dynamics of physiological changes, protein expression, and PFAS in wildlife

January 15, 2022
Jacqueline Bangma, T.C. Guillette, Paige Bommarito, Carla Ng, Jessica L. Reiner, Andrew Lindstrom, Mark Strynar
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) accumulation and elimination in both wildlife and humans is largely attributed to PFAS interactions with proteins, including but not limited to organic anion transporters (OATs), fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs

Seabird Tissue Archival and Monitoring Project (STAMP) Data from 1999-2010

December 17, 2021
Nathan Mahynski, Jared Ragland, Stacy Schuur, Rebecca Pugh, Vincent K. Shen
The multi-entity, long-term Seabird Tissue Archival and Monitoring Project (STAMP) has collected eggs from various avian species throughout the North Pacific Ocean for over 20 years to create a geospatial and temporal record of environmental conditions

Understanding molt control switches: Transcriptomic and expression analysis of the genes involved in ecdysteroidogenesis and cholesterol uptake pathways in the Y-organ of the blue crab, Callinectes sapidus

September 3, 2021
Tracey Schock, Elena Legrand, J. Sook Chung, Tsvetan Bachvaroff
The crustacean molting process is regulated by an interplay of hormones produced by the eyestalk ganglia and Y-organs (YO). Molt-inhibiting hormone and crustacean hyperglycemic hormone released by the sinus gland of the eyestalk ganglia (EG) inhibit the

Detection, counting and characterization of nanoplastics in marine bioindicators: a proof of principle study

April 15, 2021
Jeremie Parot, Andrea Valsesia, Jessica Ponti, Dora Mehn, Rita Marino, Daniela Melillo, Samantha Facchetti, Shinichiro Muramoto, R. Michael Verkouteren, Vincent A. Hackley, Pascal Colpo
Plastic particulates in the environment pose an increasing concern for regulatory bodies due to their potential risk to higher organisms (including humans) as they enter the food chain. Nanoplastics (pNP) (defined here as smaller than 1 µm) are

Relationship between the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) and persistent organic pollutants in sympatric Alaskan seabird (Uria aalge and U. lomvia) eggs between 1999 and 2010

December 31, 2020
Vrinda Kalia, Stacy Schuur, Keith A. Hobson, Howard H. Chang, Lance A. Waller, Steven Hare, Matthew O. Gribble
Although climate change occurs alongside other anthropogenic ecosystem impacts, little is known about how sea-surface temperature variability influences the ecotoxicology of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). We analyzed POP contaminant levels, and

Evaluation of Graded Levels of Soy Oil as a Fish Oil Replacement in High Soy Protein Feeds for Juvenile Red Drum, Sciaenops ocellatus

June 30, 2020
Tracey B. Schock, Aaron Watson, Michael P. Napolitano, John A. Bowden, Jason Frost, Justin Yost, Michael R. Denson
A 9-week feeding trial was conducted with juvenile red drum, Sciaenops ocellatus, to evaluate the use of soy oil as a fish oil replacement. Three primary protein sources (fishmeal - FM, soybean meal - SBM, and soy protein concentrate - SPC) were utilized

New Insights into Female Humpback Whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) Reproductive Endocrinology Revealed by Steroid Hormone Profile Analysis

February 20, 2020
Greta Dalle Luche, Ashley Russell, John Kucklick, Jasmin Gross, Darryl Hawker, Susan Bengston Nash
The blubber steroid hormone profiles of 52 female humpback whales migrating along the east coast of Australia were investigated for possible seasonal endocrinological changes associated with reproduction. Individuals were randomly sampled in southeast

Blubber steroid hormone profiles as indicators of physiological state in free-ranging common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

January 1, 2020
Thomas M. Galligan, Ashley Russell, Brian C. Balmer, Teresa Rowles, Cynthia Smith, Forrest Townsend, Randall Wells, Nicholas Kellar, Eric Zolman, Lori Schwacke
Assessing endocrine health in free-ranging marine mammals can be difficult due to limited access to blood samples, which is the most commonly used sample matrix for endocrine assessment in wildlife. Blubber contains steroid hormones and can be collected

Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for the quantitation of steroid hormone profiles in blubber from stranded humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae)

July 30, 2019
Greta Dalle Luche, Susan Bengston Nash, John Kucklick, Fletcher M. Mingramm, Ashley Russell
Marine mammal blubber is known to have quantifiable concentrations of steroid hormones and is increasingly chosen as a matrix for the detection of these reproductive and stress biomarkers. Steroid hormones act through complex cascades, often in concert

Towards Sustainable Environmental Quality: Priority Research Questions for North America

July 30, 2019
Anne Fairbrother, Derek Muir, Keith Solomon, Gerald Ankley, Murray Rudd, Alistair Boxall, William Adams, Jennifer Apell, Bonnie Blalock, Sarah Bowman, Linda Campbell, George Cobb, Kristin Connors, David Dreier, Marlene Evans, Carol Henry, Robert Hoke, Magali Houde, Stephen Klaine, Rebecca Klaper, Sigrun Kullik, Roman Lanno, Charles Meyer, Elias Oziolor, Mary Ann Ottinger, Elijah Petersen, Helen Poynton, Pamela Rice, Gabriela Rodriguez-Fuentes, Alan Samel, Joseph Shaw, Jeffrey Steevens, Tim Verslycke, Scott Weir, Peter Wilson, Bryan Brooks
Anticipating, identifying and prioritizing strategic needs represent essential activities by research organizations. When these pursuits engage globally important environment and health goals, including the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

Remote blubber sampling paired with liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry for steroidal endocrinology in free-ranging bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus)

June 11, 2019
Ashley S. Boggs-Russell, Jared M. Ragland, Eric Zolman, Tracey B. Schock, Jeanine S. Morey, Thomas M. Galligan, Greta Dalle Luche, Brian C. Balmer, Randall S. Wells, John R. Kucklick, Lori Schwacke
Liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry allows for the measurement of steroid hormone suites in the blubber of marine mammals. By combining this technology with minimally invasive techniques such as remote biopsy, endocrine profiles can be assessed

Examining the Relationships Between Blubber Steroid Hormone and Persistent Organic Pollutant Measurements in Common Bottlenose Dolphins

March 24, 2019
Thomas M. Galligan, Brian C. Balmer, Lori Schwacke, Jennie L. Bolton, Brian M. Quigley, Patricia Rosel, Gina M. Ylitalo, Ashley Russell
In this study, we use remotely collected blubber samples from common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) inhabiting the waters near a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Superfund site with high local DDx concentrations, to study the impacts of DDx

A status of temporal trends of persistent organic pollutants in Arctic biota

February 1, 2019
Frank Riget, Anders Bignert, Birgit Braune, Maria Dam, Rune Dietz, Marlene Evans, Norman Green, Helga Gunnlaugsdottir, Katrin S. Hoydal, John Kucklick, Robert Letcher, Derek Muir, Stacy Schuur, Christian Sonne, Stern Gary, Gregg Tomy, Katrin Vorkamp, Simon Wilson
More than 1000 time-series of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in Arctic biota from marine and freshwater ecosystems some extending back to the beginning of 1980s were analyzed using a robust statistical method. The Arctic area encompassed extended

Chronic Debilitation in Stranded Loggerhead Sea Turtles (Caretta caretta) in the Southeastern United States: Morphometrics and Clinicopathological Findings

July 10, 2018
Nicole Stacy, Jennifer Lynch, Michael D. Arendt, Larisa Avens, Joanne Braun McNeill, Carolyn Cray, Russell D. Day, Craig A. Harms, A. M. Lee, Margie Peden-Adams, Kelly Thorvalson, Al L. Segars, Terry Norton
Chronically debilitated loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) (DT) are characterized by emaciation, lethargy, and heavy barnacle coverage. We examined and sampled 43 DTs from North Carolina to Florida for a broad suite of health variables using

Characterization of Circulating Steroid Hormone Profiles in the Bottlenose Dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)

July 1, 2018
Thomas M. Galligan, Lori Schwacke, Dorian S. Houser, Randall Wells, Teresa Rowles, Ashley Russell
Circulating steroid hormone concentrations are typically measured by immunoassays, which have imperfect specificity and are limited to the measurement of a single hormone per assay. Here we demonstrate that reverse phase solid phase extraction (SPE)

Validation of ATR FT-IR to identify polymers of plastic marine debris, including those ingested by marine organisms

January 3, 2018
Melissa R. Jung, F. D. Horgen, Sara Orski, Viviana Rodriguez Cardenas, Kathryn Beers, George H. Balazs, T. T. Jones, Thierry M. Work, Kayla C. Brignac, Sarah-Jeanne Royer, K. D. Hyrenbach, Brenda A. Jensen, Jennifer Lynch
Polymer identification of plastic marine debris can help identify its sources, degradation, and fate. We optimized and validated a fast, simple, and accessible technique, attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR FT-IR), to

Analysis of PFAAs in American alligators Part 1: Concentrations in alligators harvested for consumption during South Carolina public hunts.

November 29, 2017
Jessica Tipton, Louis J. Guillette, Benjamin B. Parrott, Thomas R. Rainwater, Jessica L. Reiner
Environmental contamination resulting from the production or release of harmful chemicals can lead to negative consequences for wildlife and human health. Perfluorinated alkyl acids (PFAAs) were historically produced as protective coatings for many
Displaying 1 - 25 of 215