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Displaying 1 - 25 of 1683

Polydimethylsiloxane tissue-mimicking phantoms with tunable optical properties

July 1, 2022
Aaron Goldfain, Paul Lemaillet, David W. Allen, Kimberly Briggman, Jeeseong C. Hwang
We report on techniques to manufacture and characterize solid tissue-mimicking phantoms of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) polymers. Tunability of the absorption (a()) and reduced scattering spectra (s'()) in the wavelength range of 500 nm to 850 nm is

Reference Materials for MS-based Untargeted Metabolomics and Lipidomics: A Review by the Metabolomics Quality Assurance and Quality Control Consortium (mQACC)

April 9, 2022
Katrice Lippa, William Davis, Christina Jones, Tracey Schock, Juan Aristizabal-Henao, Richard Beger, John Bowden, Corey Broeckling, Chris Beecher, Warwick Dunn, Roberto Flores, Goncalo Gouveia, Thomas Hartung, Matthew Lewis, Ioanna Ntai, Andrew Percy, Dan Raftery, Jinchun Sun, Georgios Theodoridis, Fariba Tayyari, Federico Torta, Candice Ulmer, Baljit Ubhi
Introduction The metabolomics quality assurance and quality control consortium (mQACC) is enabling the identification, development, prioritization and promotion of suitable reference materials (RMs) to be used in quality assurance (QA) and quality control

Micromechanical Compatibility Between Cells and Scaffolds Directs Phenotypic Transition of Stem Cells

January 28, 2022
Yang Song, Jiaoyue Long, Jeremiah Woodcock, Joy Dunkers, Hung Chun Lin, Douglas M. Fox, Xiaoling Liao, Yonggang Lv, Li Yang, Martin Chiang
This study experimentally substantiates the micromechanical compatibility between cell and substrate is essential for cells to achieve energetically favorable mechanotransduction that directs phenotypic transitions. The argument for this compatibility is

HDX-MS and MD simulations provide evidence for stabilization of the IgG1- FcgRIa (CD64a) immune complex through intermolecular glycoprotein bonds

December 8, 2021
Kyle Anderson, Kerry Scott, Christina Bergonzo, Ioannis Karageorgos, Elyssia Gallagher, Venkata Tayi, Michael Butler, Jeffrey W. Hudgens
Previous reports present different models for the stabilization of the Fc—FcγRI immune complex. Although accord exists on the importance of L235 in IgG1 and some hydrophobic contacts for complex stabilization, discord exists regarding the existence of

Blood vessel-on-a-chip examines biomechanics of microvasculature

November 15, 2021
Paul Salipante, Steven Hudson, Styliani Alimperti
We use a three-dimensional (3D) microvascular platform to measure the elasticity and membrane permeability of the endothelial cell layer. The microfluidic platform is connected with a pneumatic pressure controller to apply hydrostatic pressure. The

Solvent-cast 3D Printing of Biodegradable Polymer Scaffolds

October 22, 2021
John Tolbert, Diana Hammerstone, Nathaniel Yuchimiuk, Jonathan Seppala, Lesley Chow
Three-dimensional (3D) printing is a popular technique to fabricate scaffolds for tissue engineering because of its ability to produce complex tissue-like architectures. Scaffolds are often 3D printed using biodegradable polymers like poly(caprolactone)

Analytical and Numerical Analyses for Two-Dimensional Stress Transfer

October 12, 2021
C H. Hsueh, P Becher, Lin-Sien H. Lum, Stephen A. Langer, W Carter
Both analytical modeling and numerical simulations were performed to analyze the stress transfer in platelet-reinforced composites in a two-dimensional sense. In the two-dimensional model, an embedded elongate plate bonded to a matrix along its length

c-Axis Oriented Epitaxial BaTiO 3 Films on (001) Si

October 12, 2021
V Vaithyanathan, J Lettieri, W Tian, A Kochhar, H Ma, A Sharan, A Vasudevarao, J. A. Aust, Y Li, Long-Qing Chen, P Zschack, Joseph Woicik
c-axis oriented epitaxial films of the ferroelectric BaTiO3 have been grown on (001) Si by reactive molecular-beam epitaxy (MBE). The orientation relationship between the film and substrate is (001) BaTiO3 // (001) Si and [100] BaTiO3 // [110] Si. The

Characterization of New 5M and 7M Polytypes of Niobia-Doped Ca 2 Ta 2 O 7

October 12, 2021
I E. Grey, Robert S. Roth, W G. Mumme, J Planes, Leonid A. Bendersky, C Li, J Chenavas
Two new calcium tantalate polytypes have been prepared in the system Ca2Ta2O7-Ca2Nb2O7. Their structures have been determined and refined using single crystal X-ray diffraction data and powder neutron diffraction data, and their dielectric properties have

Chemical Analysis of HfO 2 / Si (100) Film Systems Exposed to NH 3 Thermal Processing

October 12, 2021
Patrick S. Lysaght, Joseph Woicik, Daniel A. Fischer, Gennadi Bersuker, Joel Barnett, Brendan Foran, Hsing-Huang Tseng, Raj Jammy
Nitrogen incorporation in HfO2/SiO2 films utilized as high-k gate dielectric layers in advanced metal-oxide field-effect transistors (MOSFETs) has been investigated. Thin HfO2 blanket films deposited by atomic layer deposition on either SiO2 or NH3 treated
Displaying 1 - 25 of 1683