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NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 1 - 25 of 74198

Performing Skin Microbiome Research: A Method to the Madness

March 1, 2027
Author(s)
Heidi H. Kong, Bj?rn Andersson, Thomas Clavel, John E. Common, Scott Jackson, Nathanael David Olson, Julia Segre, Claudia Traidl-Hoffman
Growing interest in microbial contributions to human health and disease has increasingly led investigators to examine the microbiome in both healthy skin and cutaneous disorders, including acne, psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis. The need for common

Chemical characteristics of indoor aerosol particles and surface films

July 8, 2024
Author(s)
Rachel O'Brien, Cate Shirilla, Amy Hrdina, Emily Legaard, Kathryn Mayer, Marina Vance, Dustin Poppendieck, Delphine Farmer
Indoor surfaces and the films on them play important roles in indoor air quality due to the high surface area to volume ratios in our homes. The chemical complexity of these films can be large, and this can increase after film formation as the chemicals in

Impacts of Aging and Relative Humidity on Biomass Burning Smoke in an Indoor Environment

July 8, 2024
Author(s)
Marina Vance, Liora Mael, Sofie Schwink, Kathryn Mayer, Thomas Dunnington, Maximilian Schmid, Nicholas Gotlib, Andrew Martin, Dustin Poppendieck, Delphine Farmer
We studied the impacts of aging and relative humidity on simulated wildfire smoke in a test house during the Chemical Assessments of Surfaces and Air (CASA) study. We injected fresh and ozone-aged biomass burning smoke into the test house during times of

Mixture effects of PFAS on embryonic and larval sheepshead minnows (Cyprinodon variegatus)

May 22, 2024
Author(s)
Philip Tanabe, Peter Key, Katy Chung, Emily Pisarski, Jessica Reiner, Alix Rodowa, Jason Magnuson, Marie DeLorenzo
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are ubiquitous and persistent environmental contaminants originating from many everyday products. Perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) are two PFAS that are commonly found at high

Homogenization of Large Batch Frozen Materials Using the Palla-VM-KT Vibrating Mill

May 21, 2024
Author(s)
Debra Ellisor, Amanda Moors, Jennifer Hoguet, Jennifer Ness, Amanda Capuano, Olivia Franco
The Biospecimen Science Group at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Biorepository has been responsible for the curation, maintenance, and preparation of biological specimens at cryogenic temperatures since 2002. The team's expertise

NIST's Engagement with CCQM Studies from 1992 to 2023: History and Performance

May 21, 2024
Author(s)
David L. Duewer, Christina Cecelski, Megan Cleveland, Nancy Lin, Katrice Lippa, Jacqueline L. Mann, John L. Molloy, Michael Nelson, James E. Norris, Kenneth W. Pratt, Sumona Sarkar, Hratch G. Semerjian, Robert L. Watters
This report documents the engagement and measurement performance of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in studies coordinated by the Consultative Committee for Amount of Substance: Metrology in Chemistry and Biology (CCQM) from 1992

Fiscal Year 2023 Cybersecurity and Privacy Annual Report

May 20, 2024
Author(s)
Patrick D. O'Reilly, Kristina Rigopoulos
During Fiscal Year 2023 (FY 2023) – from October 1, 2022, through September 30, 2023 –the NIST Information Technology Laboratory (ITL) Cybersecurity and Privacy Program successfully responded to numerous challenges and opportunities in security and privacy

Simulating drifting fish aggregating device trajectories to identify potential interactions with endangered sea turtles

May 20, 2024
Author(s)
Lauriane Escalle, Joe Scutt Phillips, Jon Lopez, Jennifer Lynch, Hilario Murua, Sarah-Jeanne Royer, Yonat Swimmer, J Murua, Alex Sen Gupta, Victor Restrepo, Gala Moreno
Purse-seine fishers using drifting fish aggregating devices (dFADs), mainly built with bamboo, plastic buoys, and plastic netting, to aggregate and catch tropical tuna, deploy 46,000–65,000 dFADs per year in the Pacific Ocean. Some of the major concerns

Wireless Deployment Challenges in Construction: A 5G Strategy

May 20, 2024
Author(s)
Richard Candell, Mohamed Hany, Jing Geng, Karl Montgomery
In the construction context, integrating 5G networks presents numerous challenges. Tiis article explores deploying wireless communication networks within construction projects, introducing a comparison approach to assess deployment difficulty at each

Early Electroscopes at the National Bureau of Standards

May 17, 2024
Author(s)
Bert Coursey, Brian E. Zimmerman, Michael G. Mitch, Paul Frame
This report describes the use of five electroscopes used as national standards for radioactivity for the United States during the early 20th century. This set of instruments were used for the calibration of thousands of radium-226 sources used in medical

Assessing Security Requirements for Controlled Unclassified Information

May 14, 2024
Author(s)
Ronald S. Ross, Victoria Yan Pillitteri
The protection of Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI) is of paramount importance to federal agencies and can directly impact the ability of the Federal Government to successfully conduct its essential missions and functions. This publication provides

Human-in-the-loop Technical Document Annotation: Developing and Validating a System to Provide Machine-Assistance for Domain-Specific Text Analysis

May 14, 2024
Author(s)
Juan Fung, Zongxia Li, Daniel Stephens, Andrew Mao, Pranav Goel, Emily Walpole, Alden A. Dima, Jordan Boyd-Graber
In this report, we address the following question: to what extent can machine learning assist a human with traditional text analysis, such as content analysis or grounded theory in the social sciences? In practice, such tasks require humans to review and

Measurement-driven neural-network training for integrated magnetic tunnel junction arrays

May 14, 2024
Author(s)
William Borders, Advait Madhavan, Matthew Daniels, Vasileia Georgiou, Martin Lueker-Boden, Tiffany Santos, Patrick Braganca, Mark Stiles, Jabez J. McClelland, Brian Hoskins
The increasing scale of neural networks needed to support more complex applications has led to an increasing requirement for area- and energy-efficient hardware. One route to meeting the budget for these applications is to circumvent the von Neumann

Underestimation of Thermogenic Methane Emissions in New York City (New York City methane emissions: what are we missing?)

May 14, 2024
Author(s)
Joseph R. Pitt, Israel Lopez Coto, Anna Karion, Kristian D. Hajny, Jay M. Tomlin, Robert Kaeser, Thilina Jayarathne, Brian H. Stirm, Cody R. Floerchinger, Christopher P. Loughner, Roisin Commane, Conor K. Gately, Lucy R. Hutyra, Kevin R. Gurney, Geoffrey S. Roest, Jianming Liang, Sharon Gourdji, Kimberly Mueller, James Whetstone, Paul B. Shepson
Recent studies have shown that methane emissions are underestimated by inventories in many US urban areas. This has important implications for climate change mitigation policy at the city, state, and national levels. Uncertainty in both the spatial
Displaying 1 - 25 of 74198