Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Residential Sprinkler Systems: Review of Current Data and Technology. Supplement 3.



Daniel M. Madrzykowski, Russell P. Fleming


Automatic sprinkler systems have been successfully used to protect industrial and commercial buildings and their occupants for more than 100 years. Historically the place which has offered the least amount of fire protection to occupants, was and still is, their own home. The National Fire Protection Committee on Automatic Sprinklers assigned a subcommittee to develop a standard for residential sprinkler systems. The Standard on the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in One- and Two Family Dwellings and Mobile Homes (hereinafter referred to as NFPA 13D) was adopted in May of 1975, based on expert judgment and the best information available at that time. Significant testing and development of residential sprinkler systems has continued since then resulting in the evolution of NFPA 13D and the development of the Standard for the Installation of Sprinkler Systems in Residential Occupancies up to and Including Four Stories in Height, NFPA 13R. New developments in residential sprinkler system technology and the standards continue to be made in an effort to increase the ease of installation and reduce the cost of installation while maintaining the effectiveness and reliability of the system. In several communities, residential sprinkler systems have been required in dwellings for more than a decade. Information from these communities are providing compelling data for installing residential sprinklers. These experiences, in addition to code requirements and other incentives, are increasing the numbers of sprinkler installations around the country.
Automatic Sprinkler Systems for Residential Occupancies Handbook. Second Edition
Publisher Info
National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA


automatic fire sprinkler, design criteria, multipurpose piping systems, National Fire Protection Association, residential fire sprinklers, standard tests, Underwriters Laboratories Inc., water mist


Madrzykowski, D. and Fleming, R. (2010), Residential Sprinkler Systems: Review of Current Data and Technology. Supplement 3., National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created January 7, 2010, Updated February 19, 2017