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REDUCED-ORDER THERMAL ANALYSIS OF FIRE EFFECTS ON COMPOSITE SLABS

Published

Author(s)

Jian Jiang, Joseph A. Main, Jonathan M. Weigand, Fahim Sadek

Abstract

This paper describes a reduced-order modeling approach for thermal analyses of composite slabs with profiled decking. The reduced-order modeling approach consists of alternating strips of layered shell elements, representing the thick and thin portions of slab. Layered shell elements representing the thick portion of the slab adopt a linear reduction in the density of concrete within the rib to account for the tapered profile of the ribs. A “dummy material” with low specific heat and high through-thickness thermal conductivity is used to represent the voids between the ribs. The specific heat of concrete in the rib is also modified to indirectly consider the heat input through the web of the decking. The optimal ratio of modified to actual specific heat of concrete in the rib is determined, depending on the ratio of the height of the upper continuous portion to the height of the rib. The reduced-order modeling approach is validated against experimental results.
Citation
Technical Note (NIST TN) - 1987
Report Number
1987

Keywords

thermal analysis, composite slab, reduced-order model, shell element, validation.
Created September 4, 2018, Updated November 10, 2018