Building occupants, who have been instructed to use elevators for evacuation, and have subsequently congregated within the elevator lobby for eventual evacuation, are presented with an uncertain and potentially intimidating situation. For example, waiting occupants may wonder when the next elevator will arrive. Also, they may wonder if the elevators are still in service and similarly, if they should continue waiting for an elevator to arrive or use the stairs for evacuation instead. Emergency messages and signage can be used to provide evacuation instructions to building occupants during an emergency. This report focuses on establishing guidance for emergency message providers on the ways to convey the status of elevators usage during building emergencies. A literature review has been conducted that specifically focuses on occupant response to visual signage for elevator usage, including elevator status message content and appropriate characteristics of visual signage found to improve emergency decision-making of occupants. Additionally, examples are provided for canned or standardized elevator voice or text messages to be used during fire emergencies.
Citation: Technical Note (NIST TN) - 1730Report Number:
NIST Pub Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Pub Type: NIST Pubs
Elevator, evacuation, emergency communication, emergency messages, fires