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Rapid Melting of Nb - 47 Mass % Ti: Effect of Heating Rate and Grain Size

Published

Author(s)

William J. Boettinger, Daniel Josell, Sam R. Coriell, D Basak

Abstract

The effect of heating rate and grain size on the melting behavior of Nb - 47 mass % Ti is measured. The experimental method uses rapid resistive self-heating of wire specimens at rates between 10(2 superscript) and 104 superscript) K/s and simultaneous measurement of radiance temperature and normal spectral emissivity as functions of time until specimen collapse, typically between 0.4 and 0.9 fraction melted. During heating, a sharp drop in emissivity is observed at a temperature that is independent of heating rate and grain size. This drop is due to surface and grain boundary melting at the alloy solidus temperature even though there is very little deflection of the temperature-time curve from the imposed heating rate (limited melting). Above the solidus temperature, the emissivity remains nearly constant with increasing temperature, and the temperature vs. time curve gradually reaches a sloped plateau over which the major fraction of the specimen melts. As the heating rate and/or grain size is increased, the onset temperature of the sloped plateau approaches the alloy liquidus temperature, and the slope of the plateau approaches zero. This interpretation of the shapes of the temperature-time curves is supported by a model that includes diffusion in the solid couopled with a energy balance during the melting process. There is no evidence of loss of local equilibrium at the melt front during melting in these experiments.
Citation
Solidification Processes & Microstructures: A Symposium in Honor of Professor W. Kurz
Volume
47
Issue
11

Keywords

alloys, pulse heating, rapid melting

Citation

Boettinger, W. , Josell, D. , Coriell, S. and Basak, D. (1999), Rapid Melting of Nb - 47 Mass % Ti: Effect of Heating Rate and Grain Size, Solidification Processes & Microstructures: A Symposium in Honor of Professor W. Kurz (Accessed June 23, 2024)

Issues

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Created September 8, 1999, Updated February 17, 2017