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Performance Verification of Impact Machines for Testing Plastics



Thomas A. Siewert, D P. Vigliotti, L B. Dirling, Christopher N. McCowan


Valid comparison of impact test energies reported by various organizations and over time depends on consistent performance of impact test machines. This paper investigates the influence of various specimen and test parameters on impact energies in the I J to 2 J range for both Charpy V-notch and Izod procedures, leading toward the identification of a suitable material for use in a program to verify machine performance. We investigated the influences on the absorbed energy of machine design, test material, specimen cross sectional area, and machine energy range. For comparison to published round robin data on common plastics, this study used some common metallic alloys, including those used in the international verification program for metals impact machines and in informal calibration programs of tensile machines. The alloys that were evaluated include AISI type 4340 steel, and fie aluminum alloys: 2014-Ty, 2024-T351, 2219-T87, 6061-T6, and 7075-T6. We found that certain metallic alloys have coefficients of variation comparable to those of the best plastics that are reported in the literature. Also, we found that the differences in absorbed energy between two designs of machines are smaller than the differences that can be attributed to the specimens alone.
Journal of Research (NIST JRES) -
104 No. 6


aluminum, Charpy impact test, Izod impact test, plastics, steel, V-notch, verification


Siewert, T. , Vigliotti, D. , Dirling, L. and McCowan, C. (1999), Performance Verification of Impact Machines for Testing Plastics, Journal of Research (NIST JRES), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 16, 2024)
Created December 1, 1999, Updated February 17, 2017