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Pendellosung Interferometry Probes the Neutron Charge Radius, Lattice Dynamics, and Fifth Forces



Benjamin J. Heacock, Robert W. Haun, Michael G. Huber, Albert Henins, Robert C. Valdillez, Takuhiro Fujiie, Katsuya Hirota, Masaaki Kitaguchi, Hirohiko Shimizu, Takuya Hosobata, Masahiro Takeda, Yutaka Yamagata


Structure factors describe how incident radiation is scattered from materials such as silicon and germanium and characterize the physical interaction between the material and scattered particles. We used neutron Pendellösung interferometry to make precision measurements of the (220) and (400) neutron-silicon structure factors and achieved a factor-of-four improvement in the (111) structure factor uncertainty. These data provide measurements of the silicon Debye-Waller factor at room temperature and the mean square neutron charge radius ⟨r2n⟩=−0.1101±0.0089 square femtometers. Combined with existing measurements of the Debye-Waller factor and charge radius, the measured structure factors also improve constraints on the strength of a Yukawa modification to gravity by an order of magnitude over the 20 picometer–to–10 nanometer length scale range.


Heacock, B. , Haun, R. , Huber, M. , Henins, A. , Valdillez, R. , Fujiie, T. , Hirota, K. , Kitaguchi, M. , Shimizu, H. , Hosobata, T. , Takeda, M. and Yamagata, Y. (2021), Pendellosung Interferometry Probes the Neutron Charge Radius, Lattice Dynamics, and Fifth Forces, Science/AAAS, [online],, (Accessed May 26, 2024)


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Created September 10, 2021, Updated October 14, 2021