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Oxygen-Limited Fires Inside Under-Ventilated Enclosures (OLIVE-FIRE)



Kevin B. McGrattan, Isaac Leventon


This report documents a series of fire experiments performed within steel electrical enclosures. The objective is to validate a simple empirical model that predicts the maximum heat release rate of a fire within a closed compartment as a function of its ventilation openings.
Technical Note (NIST TN) - 2232
Report Number


Electrical enclosures, Under-ventilated fire.


McGrattan, K. and Leventon, I. (2022), Oxygen-Limited Fires Inside Under-Ventilated Enclosures (OLIVE-FIRE), Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed June 19, 2024)


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Created August 9, 2022, Updated November 29, 2022