The obstruction factor in size-exclusion chromatography. 2. The interparticle, intraparticle, and total obstruction factors
Andre M. Striegel, Dustin Richard
Obstruction factor is a generic rubric under which are usually gathered the interparticle, intraparticle, stationary phase, and total obstruction factors, gamma(e), gamma(p), gamma(s), and gamma(t), respectively. These, in turn, affect longitudinal diffusion and stationary, mobile phase, and stagnant mobile phase mass transfer. We conclude here our investigation into the various obstruction factors operative in size-exclusion chromatography (SEC). Stop-flow experiments were employed to determine either the interparticle (for analytes with KSEC = 0) or the total (for analytes with KSEC > 0) obstruction factor, and these results were combined with those from variable-flow-rate experiments which provided the intraparticle obstruction factor. Because of minimal enthalpic interactions between the analytes and stationary phase, in SEC gamma(s) is approximately equal to 0, which allows for isolation of the other obstruction factors. A relationship between gamma(t), gamma(e), and gamma(p) was proposed for SEC, based on previous independent work and dependent upon the various column porosities. This relationship was extended to hydrodynamic chromatography, a technique in which, ideally, both gamma(s) and gamma(p) are equal to zero.
and Richard, D.
The obstruction factor in size-exclusion chromatography. 2. The interparticle, intraparticle, and total obstruction factors, Journal of Chromatography A
(Accessed June 5, 2023)