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NIST Reference Materials: Their Purpose and Their Future



Steven J. Choquette, David L. Duewer, Katherine E. Sharpless


The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), formerly the National Bureau of Standards, was established by the U.S. Congress in 1901 and charged with establishing a measurement foundation to facilitate U.S. and international commerce. This broad language provides NIST with the ability to establish and implement its programs in response to changes in national needs and priorities. This report traces some of the changes in NIST's reference material programs over time and presents the NIST Measurement Material Laboratory's current approach to promoting accuracy and metrological traceability of chemical measurements and validation of chemical measurement processes.
Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry
Vol. 13:453-474


Commutability, Harmonization, Measurement Uncertainty, Metrological Traceability, Standardization


Choquette, S. , Duewer, D. and Sharpless, K. (2020), NIST Reference Materials: Their Purpose and Their Future, Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry, [online], (Accessed April 14, 2024)
Created March 15, 2020, Updated February 4, 2022