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NIST Biometric Evaluations and Developments



Michael D. Garris, Charles L. Wilson


This paper presents an R&D framework used by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) for biometric technology testing and evaluation. The focus of this paper is on fingerprint-based verification and identification. Since 9-11 the NIST Image Group has been mandated by congress to run a program for biometric technology assessment and biometric systems certification. Four essential areas of activity are discussed: 1.) developing test datasets, 2.) conducting performance assessment; 3.) technology development; and 4.) standards participation. A description of activities and accomplishments are provided for each of these areas. In the process, methods of performance testing are described and results from specific biometric technology evaluations are presented. This framework is anticipated to have broad applicability to other technology and application domains.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7204
Report Number


biometric, consolidation, evaluation, fingerprints, identification, performance testing, standards, verification


Garris, M. and Wilson, C. (2005), NIST Biometric Evaluations and Developments, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed May 21, 2024)


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Created February 1, 2005, Updated November 10, 2018