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New Flame Retardants Consortium: Flame Retardant Mechanism of Silica. Final Report (NISTIR 6357)

Published

Author(s)

Jeffrey W. Gilman, Takashi Kashiwagi, Marc R. Nyden, Richard H. Harris Jr.

Abstract

The results of a two year research project carried out with the "New Flame Retardants Consortium" are reported. This investigation into the flame retardant mechanism of silica gel and other forms of silica has determined that the silica FR mechanism is comprised of two main effects. The first is a reduction in the transport rate of the thermal degradation products by dramatically increasing the viscosity of the polymer melt due to hydrogen bonding of surface silanol groups and entanglement of polymer chains within the large pores of silica gel. Second is the reduction in thermal diffusivity of the sample near the surface due to gradual accumulation of silica, which acts as a thermal insulation layer.
Citation
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 6357
Report Number
6357

Keywords

flame retardants, fire retardants, silica

Citation

Gilman, J. , Kashiwagi, T. , Nyden, M. and Harris, R. (1999), New Flame Retardants Consortium: Flame Retardant Mechanism of Silica. Final Report (NISTIR 6357), NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.6357 (Accessed June 15, 2024)

Issues

If you have any questions about this publication or are having problems accessing it, please contact reflib@nist.gov.

Created June 1, 1999, Updated November 10, 2018