Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Mobile Home Fire Studies: Summary and Recommendations.



E K. Budnick, D P. Klein


Since 1974, a major research project has been ongoing at the National Bureau of Standards to investigate various aspects of fire growth and spread in typical single-wide mobile homes. The objective of this project is to provide recommendations for possible changes to the Federal Mobile Home Construction and Safety Standard promulgated in June, 1976 by the Department of Housing and Urban Development. These Changes are Intended to provide an improved an improved level of fire safety in mobile home construction. This report provides a summary of the important findings from previously reported parts of the project which involved the conduct of full-scale fire tests in the kitchen, corridor, living room and bedroom areas of typical mobile homes. Also included in this summary are the findings from a previously unreported series of full-scale living room tests, which are discussed in some detail in Appendix A. This report describes the rationale upon which the overall experimental approach based, and provides a series of recommendations, some in the form of design options, for possible changes to the standard. A limited impact assessment is included to provide a relative measure of the potential impact of each of three design options for flame spread requirements for interior wall and ce iling materials. This assessment is based on the likely effect of each option on fire severity, and does not include an economic analysis.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) -


ASTM E84, tunnel tests, fire growth, fire tests, flame spread, flashover, interior finish, kitchen fires, life safety, mobile homes, room fires


Budnick, E. and Klein, D. (1979), Mobile Home Fire Studies: Summary and Recommendations., NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed April 23, 2024)
Created March 1, 1979, Updated February 19, 2017