The amplitudes of stepwise-approximated sine waves produced by programmable Josephson voltage standards (PJVSs) are not intrinsically accurate because the transitions between the quantized voltages depend on numerous conditions. We have developed a method that ensures that the total rms output voltage of arbitrary ac waveforms synthesized by the PJVS are accurate and referenced to the quantized Josephson voltages. This is accomplished by digitizing the entire output waveform, utilizing the quantum voltages to correct digitizer gain, noise, and nonlinearity, and then applying our understanding of the interplay between measurement bandwidth, risetime, and harmonic content to precisely tune the bias parameters. Our goal is to develop an AC standard source for voltage metrology that can directly synthesize voltages with the accuracy expected of a quantum-based standard without the use of a thermal voltage converter.
Proceedings Title: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Conference Digest
Conference Dates: July 1-6, 2012
Conference Location: National Harbor, MD
Conference Title: Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements
Pub Type: Conferences
Digital-analog conversion, Josephson arrays, signal synthesis, standards, voltage measurement.