Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Dot gov

The .gov means it’s official.
Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

Https

The site is secure.
The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

Mechanical property changes in porous low-k dielectric thin films during processing

Published

Author(s)

Gheorghe Stan, Richard S. Gates, Premsagar P. Kavuri, Jessica Torres, David Michalak, Canay Ege, Jeff Bielefeld, Sean W. King

Abstract

The design of future generations of Cu-low-k dielectric interconnects with reduced electronic crosstalk often requires engineering materials with an optimal trade off between their dielectric constant and elastic modulus. This is because the benefits associated with the reduction of the dielectric constant by increasing the porosity of materials, for example, can adversely affect their mechanical integrity during processing. By using load-dependent contact-resonance atomic force microscopy, the changes in the elastic modulus of low-k dielectric materials due to processing were accurately measured. These changes were linked to alterations sustained by the structure of low-k dielectric films during processing. A two-phase model was used for quantitative assessments of the elastic modulus changes undergone by the organosilicate skeleton of the structure of porous and pore-filled dielectrics.
Citation
Applied Physics Letters

Keywords

nanoscale mechanics, low-k dielectric, porous structures, contact resonance AFM
Created October 15, 2014, Updated February 19, 2017