Measurement of 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyadenosine In DNA by Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry
Pawel Jaruga, H Rodriguez, M Miral Dizdar
8-Hydroxyadenine (8-OH-Ade) is one of the major lesions, which is formed in DNA by hydroxyl radical attack on the C-8 position of adenine followed by oxidation. We describe the measurement of the nucleoside form of this compound, 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyadenosine (8-OH-dAdo) in DNA by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS). The developed methodology enabled the separation by LC of 8-OH-dAdo from intact and modified nucleosides in enzymic hydrolysates of DNA. Measurements by MS were performed using atmospheric pressure ionization-electrospray process. Isotope-dilution MS was applied for quantification using a stable isotope-labeled analogue of 8-OH-dAdo. The level of sensitivity of LC/MS with selected-ion monitoring (SIM) for 8-OH-dAdo amounted to approximately 10 femtomol of this compound on the LC column. This level of sensitivity is similar to that previously reported using LC-tandem MS (LC/MS/MS) with multiple-reaction monitoring mode (MRM) (7.5 femtomol). This compound was quantified in DNA at a level of approximately one-molecule/106 DNA bases using amounts of DNA as low as 5 g. The results suggested that this lesion may be quantified in DNA at even lower levels, when more DNA is used for analysis. In addition, gas chromatography/isotope-dilution mass spectrometry with SIM (GC/IDMS-SIM) was applied to measure 8-OH-Ade in DNA following its removal from DNA by acidic hydrolysis. The background levels of 8-OH-dAdo and 8-OH-Ade measured by LC/IDMS-SIM and GC/IDMS-SIM, respectively, were nearly identical. In addition, DNA samples, which were exposed to ionizing radiation at different radiation doses, were analyzed by these techniques. Nearly identical results were obtained, indicating that both LC/IDMS-SIM and GC/IDMS-SIM can provide similar results. The level of sensitivity of GC/MS-SIM for 8-OH-Ade was also measured and found to be significantly greater than that of LC/MS-SIM and the reported sensitivity of LC/MS/MS-MRM for 8-OH-dAdo. The results show that the LC/MS technique is well suited for the measurement of 8-OH-dAdo in DNA.
Free Radical Biology and Medicine
8, 5'-cyclo-2'-deoxyadenosine, 8-hydroxyguanine, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, oxidative DNA damage