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Innovative Approach to Rapid Growth of Highly Clay-Filled Coatings on Porous Polyurethane Foam

Published

Author(s)

Yeon S. Kim, Richard H. Harris Jr., Rick D. Davis

Abstract

: An innovative twist to fabricating layer-by-layer coatings resulted in transparent, high-content clay coatings on porous polyurethane foam. The addition of an anionic poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) monolayer between anionic clay and cationic branched-polyethylenimine (PEI) monolayers resulted in a trilayer nanocomposite structure with an order of magnitude thicker coating using 40% less monolayers than the conventional bilayer approach. The eight trilayer system thoroughly coated all internal and external surfaces of the porous polyurethane foam, creating a clay brick wall barrier that reduced the foam flammability by as much as 17% of the peak heat release rate and 21% of the total burn time. Though the flammability reduction is comparable to common commercial fire retardant polyurethane foam, the clay is used at a 50% lower amount and may be a greener solution as many of the commercial fire retardants (e.g., halogen bases) have potential environmental and health concerns.
Citation
ACS Macro Letters
Issue
1

Citation

Kim, Y. , Harris, R. and Davis, R. (2012), Innovative Approach to Rapid Growth of Highly Clay-Filled Coatings on Porous Polyurethane Foam, ACS Macro Letters, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=909751 (Accessed April 21, 2024)
Created June 11, 2012, Updated February 19, 2017