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The Influence of Walls, Corners and Enclosures on Fire Plumes



Kevin B. McGrattan, Michael J. Selepak, Edward J. Hnetkovsky


This report documents two series of compartment fire experiments in which a natural gas burner is positioned in a corner, or against a wall, or inside a steel cabinet, to assess the effects on the plume and compartment temperatures. The measurements consist of one dimensional vertical thermocouple arrays to measure the hot gas layer temperature and height, and a three dimensional thermocouple array to measure the temperature of the fire plume as the burner is moved away from the corner or wall. The primary purpose of the experiments is to provide validation data for fire modeling analyses of these effects.
Technical Note (NIST TN) - 1984
Report Number


corner effects, fire experiments, wall effects


McGrattan, K. , Selepak, M. and Hnetkovsky, E. (2018), The Influence of Walls, Corners and Enclosures on Fire Plumes, Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed May 30, 2024)


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Created March 19, 2018, Updated November 10, 2018