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Hardware-Enabled Security: Enabling a Layered Approach to Platform Security for Cloud and Edge Computing Use Cases



Murugiah Souppaya, Michael Bartock, Karen Scarfone, Ryan Savino, Tim Knoll, Uttam Shetty, Mourad Cherfaoui, Raghu Yeluri, Don Banks, Akash Malhotra, Michael Jordan, Dimitrios Pendarakis, Peter Romness


In today's cloud data centers and edge computing, attack surfaces have shifted and, in some cases, significantly increased. At the same time, hacking has become industrialized, and most security control implementations are not coherent or consistent. The foundation of any data center or edge computing security strategy should be securing the platform on which data and workloads will be executed and accessed. The physical platform represents the first layer for any layered security approach and provides the initial protections to help ensure that higher-layer security controls can be trusted. This report explains hardware-enabled security techniques and technologies that can improve platform security and data protection for cloud data centers and edge computing.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 8320
Report Number


confidential computing, container, hardware-enabled security, hardware security module (HSM), secure enclave, trusted execution environment (TEE), trusted platform module (TPM), virtualization.


Souppaya, M. , Bartock, M. , Scarfone, K. , Savino, R. , Knoll, T. , Shetty, U. , Cherfaoui, M. , Yeluri, R. , Banks, D. , Malhotra, A. , Jordan, M. , Pendarakis, D. and Romness, P. (2022), Hardware-Enabled Security: Enabling a Layered Approach to Platform Security for Cloud and Edge Computing Use Cases, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online],, (Accessed July 22, 2024)


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Created May 4, 2022, Updated November 29, 2022