A series of fire tests was conducted to assess the burning behavior of the interior of passenger rail vehicles. Three types of tests were performed: (1) small-scale laboratory tests to study the flammability and smoke generation characteristics of the individual materials, (2) full-scale calorimeter tests on the seats to determine the rate of heat release from burning seat assemblies, and (3) full-scale tests on mock-ups of the interior of the cars to investigate the potential for fire hard in the fully furnished vehicles. A comparison of the results of the selected small-scale laboratory tests with the full-scale mock-up tests shows that while the small-scale vehicle interior, and the interaction of materials during the full-scale mock-up tests are critically important in predicting the optential for fire inside the vehicle.
Citation: Technical Note (NIST TN) - 1193Report Number:
NIST Pub Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Pub Type: NIST Pubs
calorimeters, flame spread, large scale fire tests, interior finishes, passenger vehicles, railroads, smoke, transportation