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Fire-Induced Mass Flow Into a Reduced-Scale Enclosure (NISTIR 5499)



Erik L. Johnsson, Nelson P. Bryner, William M. Pitts


Enclosure fires are of great interest because of the resulting loss of life and property, yet the fluid dynamic and chemical behaviors of fires within enclosures are still not well understood. In recent decades, it has become clear that burning rates, fire growth and spread, production of toxic gases, and depletion of oxygen in room fires are very dependent on air supply and entrainment rates.
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 5499
Report Number


fire research, mass flow, enclosures, fluid dynamics


Johnsson, E. , Bryner, N. and Pitts, W. (1994), Fire-Induced Mass Flow Into a Reduced-Scale Enclosure (NISTIR 5499), NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed May 23, 2024)


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Created September 1, 1994, Updated November 10, 2018