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Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 3): Technical Reference Guide (NISTIR 6783)



Kevin B. McGrattan, Howard R. Baum, Ronald G. Rehm, Anthony P. Hamins, Glenn P. Forney, J E. Floyd, Simo A. Hostikka


Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of fire-driven fluid flow. The equations described in this document are a form of the Navier-Stokes equations appropriate for low-speed, thermally-driven flow with an emphasis on smoke and heat transport from fires. The description of the software used to solve these equations is contained in a companion document, called "Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 2) -- User's Guide" (NISTIR 6784).
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 6783
Report Number


fire models, computational fluid dynamics, sprinkler activation, fire plumes, flame spread, simulation, ignition


McGrattan, K. , Baum, H. , Rehm, R. , Hamins, A. , Forney, G. , Floyd, J. and Hostikka, S. (2001), Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 3): Technical Reference Guide (NISTIR 6783), NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed June 17, 2024)


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Created November 1, 2001, Updated June 2, 2021