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Facility Smart Grid Interface and a Demand Response Conceptual Model



David G. Holmberg, Steven T. Bushby, David B. Hardin


Residential, commercial, and industrial facilities have potential to support electric grid reliability with demand response (DR) via use of facility energy management approaches. The ability of different DR approaches to successfully engage the maximum amount of customer response (and customer benefit in terms of energy and energy cost reduction) depends in part on proper selection of communication interfaces. This paper examines the impact of facility systems diversity on the communications interface, and analyzes use case requirements to derive basic use case classes and a resulting set of key information elements needed to support smart grid customer interface communications. The derived customer interface functional requirements are used to develop a "DR Conceptual Model" which provides a high-level view of the scope of DR interactions and guidance on the selection of communication interfaces.
Technical Note (NIST TN) - 1832
Report Number


buildings, communications interface, demand response


Holmberg, D. , Bushby, S. and Hardin, D. (2014), Facility Smart Grid Interface and a Demand Response Conceptual Model, Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], (Accessed July 21, 2024)


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Created August 28, 2014, Updated November 10, 2018