Following a brief introduction to terminology that describes power frequency and other extremely low frequency [ELF] magnetic and electric fields, a short survey is given of methods for simulating and characterizing in a laboratory setting fields encountered in the environment. The remainder of the paper surveys candidate exposure parameters that may be considered during in vivo and in vitro laboratory studies with ELF magnetic and electric fields. The possible exposure parameters for animal studies exposed to electric fields include surface electric fields and induced [internal] electric fields and currents. The candidate exposure parameters during animal and cell culture studies with magnetic fields include induced electric fields and currents, field polarization, and the alternating as well as static magnetic field. The complexities in characterizing some of the above parameters because of differences in geometry is discussed.
Proceedings Title: Proc. of Second World Congress for Electricity and Magnetism in Biology and Medicine
Conference Dates: June 8-13, 1997
Conference Location: Bologna, IT
Pub Type: Conferences
extremely low frequency (ELF)