Topological superconductors (TS) are a newly predicted phase of matter which is topologically distinct from conventional superconducting condensates of Cooper pairs. As a manifestation of its topological character, TS supports massless itinerant quasi-particles on the boundary, which are solid-state realizations of Majorana fermions. The recently discovered superconductor CuxBi2Se3 has been theoretically proposed as an odd-parity superconductor in the time-reversal-invariant TS class. Here we report scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS) measurements of the superconducting energy gap in CuxBi2Se3 as a function of spatial position and applied magnetic field. The tunneling spectrum shows that the density of states at the Fermi level is fully gapped without any in-gap states. The spectrum is well described by the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) theory with a momentum independent order parameter, which strongly suggests that Cu0.2Bi2Se3 is a classical s-wave superconductor contrary to previous expectations.
Citation: Physical Review Letters
Pub Type: Journals
Topological superconductors, scanning tunneling microscopy, scanning tunneling spectroscopy