Recently developed microform measurement techniques have reduced the measurement uncertainties in the geometry of Rockwell diamond indenters. It is now possible to establish standard grade Rockwell diamond indenters characterized by high geometry uniformity, High hardness performance uniformity, interchangeability and reproducibility. By using the standard indenters under different national standard machines and a standardized testing cycle a worldwide unified Rockwell hardness scale could be established with metrological traceability, stability and reproducibility. Geometrical measurements and hardness tests in five laboratories have shown that tightly controlled indenter geometry can significantly improve the consistency of Rockwell C hardness (HRC) measurements. These results support the feasibility of establishing a worldwide unified HRC scale with an expanded uncertainty (k = 2) of approximately +0.2 HRC and without significant bias with respect to an ideal scale.
Pub Type: Journals
diamond indenter, HRC, Rockwell hardness