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ER Simulation Prototypes for Incident Management Training



Guodong Shao, Charles R. McLean


First responders and incident management personnel need better training resources to prepare for future disasters. Live training exercises while valuable are often very expensive to organize and conduct. Training using modeling, simulation, and gaming technologies could help to prepare for a more diverse range of scenarios than live exercises, as well as support individual, team, or multi-organizational training needs at lower cost. Effective, technically sound, and commercially available standards-based solutions are needed. A concept demonstration has been developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology to facilitate the identification, development, and deployment of standards that enable the integrated use of modeling, simulation, and gaming technology for incident management training, mission planning, and operational support. One of the simulation tools selected in the concept demonstration was ProModel. It was used to model a hospital emergency room in Washington DC. The concept demonstration was also used to identify use case scenarios, integration requirements, interoperability issues, standards needs, and available solutions.
Proceedings Title
Industrial Simulation Conference 2008
Conference Dates
June 9-11, 2008
Conference Location
Lyon, FR


first responder, incident management, simulation prototypes, training, modeling, gaming technology, interoperability


Shao, G. and McLean, C. (2008), ER Simulation Prototypes for Incident Management Training, Industrial Simulation Conference 2008, Lyon, FR, [online], (Accessed February 25, 2024)
Created May 19, 2008, Updated February 19, 2017