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Enriching 28Si beyond 99.9998 % for semiconductor quantum computing



Kevin J. Dwyer, Joshua M. Pomeroy, David S. Simons, June W. Lau, Kristen L. Steffens


Using a laboratory-scale apparatus, we enrich 28Si and produce material with 40 times less residual 29Si than previously reported. Starting from natural abundance silane gas, we offer an alternative to industrial gas centrifuges for providing materials critical for long spin coherence times in quantum information devices. Using a mass spectrometry approach, silicon ions are produced from commercial silane gas and the isotopes are separated in a magnetic sector analyzer before deposition onto a Si(1 0 0) substrate. Isotope fractions for 29Si and 30Si of <1 × 10−6 are found in the deposited films using secondary ion mass spectrometry. Additional assessments of the deposited films are also presented as we work to develop substrates and source material to support the growing silicon quantum computing community. Finally, we demonstrate modulation of the 29Si concentration in a deposited film as a precursor to dual enrichment of heterostructures and compound materials such as 28Si74Ge.
Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics


quantum information, enriched silicon, isotopic purification, SIMS, TEM, XPS


Dwyer, K. , Pomeroy, J. , Simons, D. , Lau, J. and Steffens, K. (2014), Enriching 28Si beyond 99.9998 % for semiconductor quantum computing, Journal of Physics D-Applied Physics, [online], (Accessed May 29, 2024)


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Created August 4, 2014, Updated June 30, 2020