Elemental characterization of Single-Wall Carbon Nanotube (SWCNT-1) reference material by neutron and prompt gamma activation analysis
Rick L. Paul, Rabia Oflaz, Jan Kucera, J W Bennett, E. A. De Nadai Fernandes, M. Kubesova, M. A. Bacchi, A. J. Stopic, R. E. Sturgeon, P. Grinberg
Instrumental neutron activation analysis with both relative and k0 standardization was used in four experienced laboratories to determine element mass fractions in single-wall carbon nanotube certified reference material (CRM) SWCNT-1. Results obtained were evaluated using the NIST Type B On Bias approach and yielded consensus values in agreement with NRCC certified values for Fe, Co, Ni and Mo and provided mass fractions for thirteen additional elements, namely Na, Mg, Al, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Br, La, W and Au. In addition, prompt gamma neutron activation analysis was employed to determine mass fractions of H, B, Co, Ni, and Mo. Results of this work provide a basis for the establishment of reference values of element mass fractions in CRM SWCNT-1, thus expanding its usability for more accurate characterization and benchmarking of similar nanotechnology materials.