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Effects of Wafer Emissivity on Rapid Thermal Processing Temperature Measurement



D H. Chen, D P. DeWitt, Benjamin K. Tsai, Kenneth G. Kreider, William A. Kimes


Lightpipe radiation thermometers (LPRTs) are widely used to measure wafer temperatures in rapid thermal processing (RTP) tools. Using blackbody-calibrated LPRTs to infer the wafer temperature, it is necessary to build a model to predict the effective emissivity accounting for the wafer and chamber radiative properties as well as geometrical features of the chamber. The uncertainty associated with model-corrected temperatures can be investigated using test wafers instrumented with thin-film thermocouples (TFTCs) on which the LPRT target spot has been coated with films of different emissivity. A model of the wafer-chamber arrangement was used to investigate the effects of Pt (εs = 0.25) and Au (Εs=0.05) spots on the temperature distribution of the test wafers with emissivity of 0.65 and 0.84. The effects of the shield reflectivity and the cool lightpipe (LP) tip on the wafer temperature were evaluated. A radiance analysis method was developed and a comparison of model-based predictions with experimental observations was made on a 200-mm wafer in the NIST RTP test bed. The temperature rises caused by the low-emissivity spot were predicted and the cooling effect of the LP tip was determined. The results of the study are important for developing the model-corrected temperature measurement and uncertainty estimates using LPRT in semiconductor thermal processes.
Proceedings Title
Advanced Theramal Processing of Semiconductors, International Conference | 10th | | IEEE
Conference Dates
September 25-27, 2002
Conference Location
Vancouver, 1, CA
Conference Title
IEEE International Conference on Advanced Thermal Processing of Semiconductors


radiation thermometer, rapid thermal processing, wafer emissivity effect, wafer temperature


Chen, D. , DeWitt, D. , Tsai, B. , Kreider, K. and Kimes, W. (2002), Effects of Wafer Emissivity on Rapid Thermal Processing Temperature Measurement, Advanced Theramal Processing of Semiconductors, International Conference | 10th | | IEEE, Vancouver, 1, CA (Accessed May 21, 2024)


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Created August 31, 2002, Updated October 12, 2021