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Effect of CuO Nanoparticle Concentration on R134a/Lubricant Pool Boiling Heat Transfer With Extensive Analysis

Published

Author(s)

Mark A. Kedzierski

Abstract

This paper quantifies the influence of CuO nanoparticle concentration on the boiling performance of R134a/polyolester mixtures on a roughened, horizontal flat surface. Nanofluids are liquids that contain dispersed nano-size particles. Two lubricant based nanofluids (nanolubricants) were made with a synthetic ester and 30 nm diameter CuO particles stably suspended in the two mixtures to a 4 % and a 2 % volume fraction, respectively. As reported in a previous study for the 4 % volume fraction nanolubricant, a 0.5 % nanolubricant mass fraction with R134a resulted in a heat transfer enhancement relative to the heat transfer of pure R134a/polyolester (99.5/0.5) of between 50 % and 275 %. The same previous study had shown that increasing the mass fraction of the 4 % volume fraction nanolubricant resulted in the smaller, but significant, boiling heat transfer enhancements. The present study shows that use of a nanolubricant with half the concentration of CuO nanoparticles (2 % by volume) resulted in either no improvement or boiling heat transfer degradations with respect to the R134a/polyolester mixtures without nanoparticles. Consequently, significant refrigerant/lubricant boiling heat transfer enhancements are possible with nanoparticles; however, the nanoparticle concentration is an important determining factor. Further research with nanolubricants and refrigerants are required to establish a fundamental understanding of the mechanisms that control nanofluid heat transfer.
Citation
NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR) - 7450
Report Number
7450

Keywords

additives, boiling, copper (ii) oxide, enhanced heat transfer, nanotechnology, refrigerant/lubricant mixtures, refrigerants

Citation

Kedzierski, M. (2007), Effect of CuO Nanoparticle Concentration on R134a/Lubricant Pool Boiling Heat Transfer With Extensive Analysis, NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://doi.org/10.6028/NIST.IR.7450 (Accessed July 21, 2024)

Issues

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Created September 20, 2007, Updated November 10, 2018