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Discriminating Between Smoldering and Flaming Fires Using Alarm Signals

Published

Author(s)

William D. Davis

Abstract

Strategies are developed that make use of signals from smoke and heat alarms to deduce conditions in a room for both flaming and smoldering fires. The issue addressed is to determine how to provide useful information to incident command for smoldering fires using signals from smoke and heat alarms. Experiments were conducted to characterize the differences between small flaming and smoldering fires in a full-scale room. Based on these differences, a methodology was developed to interpret the alarm signals in a way to provide useful information for incident command.
Citation
Technical Note (NIST TN) - 1684
Report Number
1684

Keywords

fire experiments, smoldering, flaming, smoke alarms, heat alarms

Citation

Davis, W. (2011), Discriminating Between Smoldering and Flaming Fires Using Alarm Signals, Technical Note (NIST TN), National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, [online], https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=907417 (Accessed April 12, 2024)
Created January 3, 2011, Updated February 19, 2017